In the natural state, the lymph nodes that are behind the ears are small in size. They should not be more than 8 millimeters. If the lymph nodes are inflamed behind the ear, they increase. Then it is necessary to undergo a thorough examination in a medical institution. Thus, it is possible to determine the cause of the pathology that has arisen. If the lymph node is behind the ear (photo of how it looks, you see in the article), this process can be generalized or local. It usually arises from a certain reaction of the body to infections and the influence of harmful microorganisms. This phenomenon is called lymphadenopathy.
Structure of the lymph node system
The structure of the original biological filters consists of a variety of vessels and ducts. Lymph nodes make up an entire network and provide a return of tissue fluid that is outside the cardiovascular system, back. It is their cells that are responsible for the production of antibodies, by means of which the human body struggles with diseases. If lymph nodes are behind the ear, it means that the process is broken, and you need to restore it.
Among other things, these peripheral organs produce phagocytes, which ensure the splitting of waste from the human body. Accordingly, in the case of inflammation of the lymph nodes, the products of vital activity are evacuated more slowly. This can provoke the development of some other pathologies.
Why the lymph nodes are inflamed behind the ears
The most common factor that causes this pathology is an infectious process. It can be localized or systemic. Because of the close connection of the lymph nodes with the production of antibodies, inflammation is a reaction to the penetration of pathogens into the body. The pathology that manifests behind the ear is most often the result of infections that affect both the body itself, and the eyes and throat. Also, a similar phenomenon can occur with certain types of allergies.
If the lymph nodes are behind the ear and the process is accompanied by symptoms in the form of peeling and itching of the scalp, excessive hair loss, there may be a fungal infection in the body. This option causes an immediate visit to the doctor to identify the problem and its elimination.
Other factors of development of the inflammatory process
There are some more reasons for enlarging the lymph nodes that are behind the ears:
- Infections of a local nature, which usually enter the body through the temples, throat, skin of the head, the auricle.
- Adenoviral infection.
- The exanthema is viral.
- Tonsillitis or pharyngitis.
- Pathology of the salivary glands.
- Acceptance of certain medications.
What therapy is used if the lymph nodes are behind the ear
When pathology is caused by an infectious route, treatment is prescribed with mandatory use of antibiotics. Thanks to such drugs, the inflammation stops, the lymph nodes decrease in size, they come to a normal state. If antibiotic therapy does not yield positive results, additional analysis should be carried out. According to their results, additional medications are prescribed.