Care for an elderly person over 80 years is very difficult. A person who assumes such a significant responsibility for custody of a pensioner must possess not only the appropriate physical skills and knowledge, but also the strength of the spirit, moral restraint. Let's talk about exactly how such relationships are formed, what obligations are assumed in the process.
Who can carry out care?
First of all, let's discuss who can specifically care for the elderly person over 80 years old. Help is not only allowed to close relatives, but also to those who do not have any kindred relations with a potential ward. What are the requirements imposed by the current legislation of our country to such people? The main characteristics that a carer must possess are as follows:
- able-bodied age;
- absence of any basic work (taking care of a pensioner takes a significant part of the time and requires regular implementation);
- absence of any payments from the state (for example, unemployment benefits paid at the labor exchange).
Pay attention that the legislative base of our country does not forbid to look after several people who need it, but the actions should not be detrimental to each other.
What does the guardian receive?
In the society quite often there is an opinion that people are caring for an elderly person over 80 years old due to the search for their own benefit. In fact, such an occupation does not provide any significant benefits and advantages. To the possible advantages, in addition to satisfying the sense of moral duty, one can include:
The amount of compensation payments and the rules for their calculation
The amount of government subsidies accrued to a person who cares for a pensioner is very small, it is not possible to live on it. At the moment, care for elderly people is estimated at 1200 rubles per month. This figure is unified for the entire country, but it can vary depending on specific regional coefficients. In addition, if you decide to care for just a few people, the amount will be multiplied by the number of wards.
If you decide to formalize the care of an elderly person, be sure to take into account the fact that the funds due to you are not given up, they are transferred as an additional part of the pension. To receive financial means for personal use it will be possible only after the ward receives the money due to him and transfers a part of them (1200 rubles) to his assistant.
Terms of consideration of the appeal
A positive decision on payment of compensation is taken within one decade (ten days), refusal in payments is justified in a shorter period, representatives of the Pension Fund are required to report a negative decision taken within just five working days. Please note that the employees of the state structure not only report a refusal, but also explain why this decision was taken, what should be done to change it.
Who else needs to take care of?
Care for lonely elderly people is carried out not only if they reach 80 years of age and do not have the opportunity to independently ensure normal living conditions. The help of an outsider is also necessary for the following categories of persons:
- invalids of the first group;
- children under the age of 18 who are disabled of any group;
- pensioners who received the medical expert's opinion that they need additional care.
Regardless of which category of persons your client belongs to, the registration of relationships, including financial payments, is carried out according to a typical, classical scheme.
Documents for submission to the Pension Fund
Let's talk about what actions need to be taken if you decide that you will care for an elderly person over 80 years old. First of all it is necessary to apply to the Pension Fund. For the registration of all bureaucratic nuances it will be enough to have at least one interested person, in the overwhelming majority of cases, the filing of documents is carried out by a person who will take care of the pensioner. So, what documents need to be presented in order to care for lonely elderly people? The list of mandatory securities includes:
- passport of the ward (original and photocopies of the first pages);
- passport of the person who plans to carry out care (also the original and photocopies);
- the work record book of the person who plans to carry out the care (the original, photocopies of the pages with the record, the information about the last place of work is of particular interest to civil servants);
- written statements in the amount of two pieces, one from the trustee and from the person caring for him (drawn according to the model);
- insurance certificates - 2 pcs. (One from each side);
- a document confirming that the carer is not at the labor exchange and does not receive unemployment benefits.
Termination of relations
On what basis can compensatory monetary payments for caring for a sick elderly person be terminated? In fact, there are quite a lot of reasons for this, it is possible to guess the consequences to which they lead, without special knowledge. Prerequisites for termination of relations between the parties may be:
- death of the person under care or of the caretaker;
- receipt of income from the state (pension, any benefit);
- referral of the patient to a specialized medical institution where treatment and care will be provided;
- getting paid work of one of the parties;
- in caring for children with disabilities as a result of the deprivation of the parental rights of their legal / native representatives;
- elimination of the cause that generates the need for additional care (the achievement by a disabled child of majority, improvement in the physical condition of the patient, the expiration of the disability period and its non-prolongation).
What actions need to be performed in such a care?
In addition to understanding the contractual relationship and a number of bureaucratic nuances, it is necessary to be aware of certain characteristics of care for the elderly. Venerable age significantly weakens their abilities and often has the most negative impact on health. Carried out care in many ways implies caring nurse. You will need:
- assist in the conduct of sanitary and hygienic procedures;
- to buy and prepare food, drinks;
- to purchase medicines, and also to supervise their reception by wards according to the scheme of treatment offered by the expert;
- carry out the simplest medical procedures (measurement and recording of temperature, pulse, pressure);
- perform routine domestic duties (cleaning, if necessary, washing and ironing);
- carry out insignificant wishes of the ward (for example, sending correspondence);
- conduct small cultural and recreational activities (for example, reading out loud).
Means for elderly and disabled care
Is it compulsory to have a medical education to take care of your child? Such a requirement is not fixed in the legislative way, which means that anyone who wishes can take up the duties. It should be remembered that you will still need some knowledge and skills. In everyday life, a person who carries out custody of this nature will need to have an idea and acquire such means of caring for the elderly as:
- diapers for adults and disposable diapers;
- drugs that have a disinfectant and anti-inflammatory effect;
- means for performing hygiene procedures;
- vessels and other systems of similar purpose (intended for bed patients);
- means and devices for reducing and preventing bedsores (also for bedridden patients).
As you can see, caring for a certain category of persons requires considerable effort. It is about bedridden patients, people who may need the care of a guardian at any time of the day. Not every assistant will agree to live on an ongoing basis with his ward, which is why many relatives prefer to conclude a contract for caring for an elderly person by hiring professional nurses. A contract between the parties can be drawn up not only in this case. Many pensioners conclude with the assistants of the contract of hiring or rent, thereby insuring themselves, and the second party from any force majeure. There are often cases when an elderly person decides to sign a rent contract, promising to transfer his real estate (after death) to that person who will take care of him.