Caring for an older person over 80 is very difficult. A person who assumes such a significant responsibility for guardianship over a pensioner must possess not only appropriate physical skills and knowledge, but also strength of mind, moral endurance. Let's talk about exactly how such relationships are formed, what obligations are assumed in the process.
Who can take care?
First of all, let's discuss who specifically can take care of an older person over 80 years old. It is allowed to help not only close relatives, but also those who do not have any kindred ties with a potential ward. What are the requirements of the current legislation of our country to such people? The main characteristics that a caregiver should have are the following:
- working age;
- the absence of any major work (taking care of a pensioner takes a significant part of the time and requires regular performance);
- the absence of any payments from the state (for example, unemployment benefits paid at the labor exchange).
Please note that the legislative framework of our country does not prohibit taking care of several people in need, but the actions taken should not be to the detriment of each other.
What does a guardian get?
In society, it is often the opinion that people care for an older person over 80 years of age due to the search for their own benefit. In fact, this occupation does not provide any significant benefits and advantages. Besides the satisfaction of a sense of moral duty, the possible advantages include:
The size of compensation payments and the rules of their accrual
The amount of state subsidies accrued to a person who cares for a pensioner is very small, it is not possible to live on it. At the moment, care for the elderly is estimated at 1,200 rubles per month. This figure is the same for the entire country, but may vary depending on specific regional factors. In addition, if you decide to care for several people at once, the amount will be multiplied by the number of wards.
If you decide to take care of an elderly person, be sure to take into account the fact that the funds due to you are not disbursed, they are transferred as an additional part of the pension. It will be possible to receive funds for personal use only after the ward receives the money due to him and transfers part of them (1,200 rubles) to his assistant.
Terms of consideration of the appeal
A positive decision on the payment of compensation is taken within one decade (ten days), the refusal to pay is justified in a shorter time, the representatives of the Pension Fund are obliged to inform about the accepted negative decision within five working days. Please note that employees of the state structure not only report the refusal, but also explain why a similar decision was made that needs to be taken to change it.
Who else needs to be taken care of?
Care for lonely elderly people is carried out not only in the case of reaching 80 years of age and the lack of the ability to independently ensure normal living conditions. Legal assistance from an outsider is also necessary for the following categories of persons:
- persons with disabilities of the first group;
- children under the age of 18 who are disabled in any group;
- pensioners who have received medical opinion that they need additional care.
Regardless of which category of persons your ward belongs to, the design of relationships, including financial payments, is carried out according to a typical, classical scheme.
Documents for submission to the Pension Fund
Let's talk about what actions need to be taken if you decide that you will take care of an older person over 80 years old. The first step is to contact the Pension Fund. For registration of all bureaucratic nuances, the presence of at least one interested person will be sufficient; in most cases, the submission of documents is carried out by a person who will take care of the pensioner. So, what documents need to be submitted in order to care for lonely older people? The list of mandatory papers includes:
- ward passport (original and photocopies of the first pages);
- the passport of the person who plans to carry out the care (also the original and photocopies);
- the employment record of the person who plans to carry out the care (the original, photocopies of the pages with a record, especially interested by civil servants information about the last place of work);
- written statements in the amount of two pieces, one each from the ward face and from the person caring for him (drawn up according to the model);
- insurance certificates - 2 pcs. (one from each side);
- a document confirming that the caregiver is not on the labor exchange and does not receive unemployment benefits.
Terms of termination
On what basis can compensation cash payments for caring for a sick elderly person be discontinued? In fact, there are quite a few reasons for this, and it is possible to guess what consequences they lead to without special knowledge. Prerequisites for termination of relations between the parties may be:
- death of the ward or caregiver;
- receiving income from the state (pension, any allowance);
- referral of the ward to a specialized medical institution where treatment and care will be carried out;
- getting paid work by one of the parties;
- in caring for children with disabilities as a result of the deprivation of the parental rights of their legal / relatives;
- elimination of the reasons giving rise to the need for additional care (the attainment by the disabled child of legal age, improvement of the physical condition of the ward, expiration of the period of disability and its non-renewal).
What actions need to be performed as part of such care?
In addition to understanding contractual relationships and a number of bureaucratic nuances, it is necessary to be aware of certain features of care for the elderly. Venerable age significantly weakens their capabilities and often affects their health in the most negative way. The care provided largely implies the care of the nurse. You will need to:
- assist in the conduct of sanitary procedures;
- buy and prepare food, drinks;
- acquire drugs, as well as control their reception by wards in accordance with the treatment regimen proposed by a specialist;
- conduct simple medical procedures (measurement and recording of temperature, pulse, pressure);
- perform routine household duties (cleaning, if necessary, washing and ironing);
- fulfill minor wishes of the ward (for example, sending correspondence);
- hold small cultural and leisure activities (for example, reading aloud).
Means for the care of the elderly and disabled
Do I have to have a medical degree to take care of my ward? Such a requirement is not enshrined in law, and therefore, absolutely anyone can take up duties. It should be remembered that you still need some knowledge and skills. In everyday life, a caregiver of this nature will need to have an idea and acquire such means of care for the elderly as:
- adult diapers and disposable diapers;
- disinfecting and anti-inflammatory drugs;
- hygiene products;
- vessels and other systems of similar purpose (intended for bed patients);
- means and devices for the reduction and prevention of bedsores (also intended for bed patients).
As you can see, caring for a certain category of people requires considerable effort. We are talking about bed patients, people who may need the assistance of a guardian at any time of the day. Not every assistant will agree to live with his ward on an ongoing basis, which is why many relatives prefer to conclude a contract for caring for an elderly person by hiring professional carers. The contract between the parties can be made not only in this case. Many pensioners enter into a contract of employment or rent with their assistants, thereby insuring both themselves and the other side against any force majeure. It is not uncommon for an elderly person to sign a contract of rent, promising to transfer his real estate (after death) to the person who will take care of it.