Most cancer patients go to the doctor too late. The disease has time to move to the last stage of development, when there is practically no chance of a successful cure. The most important condition, which will increase the chances of curing cancer, is its timely diagnosis and the rapid onset of treatment. In modern medicine, the diagnosis of cancer is carried out by various methods: the use of oncomarkers, morphological, radiation, and endoscopy. Such a variety of methods aimed at finding a malignant formation is explained by a large number of variants of the development of this pathology.
Diagnosis of cancer using endoscopic techniques is currently the leading way to early detection of such types of malignant tumors that affect the mucous membranes of hollow organs. The study is convenient for its simplicity, relative safety, as well as high informativeness. This makes it possible to use it both in inpatient and outpatient settings, helping to solve various diagnostic issues, and also to conduct prophylactic monitoring of patients. Diagnosis of stomach cancer is carried out in this way.
- helps to diagnose primary-multiple synchronous neoplasms;
- allows to diagnose erased and small forms of the initial stages of oncological diseases;
- reveals all possible changes in the mucous membranes of the hollow organ to subsequently form a risk group, followed by surveillance aimed at the timely detection of cancer;
- helps to distinguish benign neoplasms from malignant;
- determines the form of growth of a malignant tumor, and also with accuracy means localization and prevalence of pathological process;
- Refines the background change, which develops in the organ affected by the tumor process;
- evaluates the effectiveness of the treatment regardless of its nature, whether it be radiation, drug or surgical;
The essence is that the patient takes a sample of the affected organ. This helps to determine what changes caused the tumor process. After undergoing a course of drug or radiation therapy, a biopsy will help determine the changes that have arisen as a result of ongoing treatment. This method is used to diagnose skin cancer.
Procedures aimed at detecting cancer, also include the determination of blood levels of special substances - oncomarkers, the amount of which increases in biological fluids in the presence of a malignant tumor. Accordingly, after reducing the number of oncomarkers, we can talk about the positive effect that the treatment gives.
Remember that timely diagnosis of cancer will greatly increase the chances of a positive effect of therapy.