Hearing loss occurs in almost all diseases associated with hearing disorders. In the world it suffers about 7% of the population.
The most common cause of hearing loss is otitis. In advanced cases, deafness may occur. Restoration of hearing after otitis, in contrast to other diseases, depends more on folk, rather than conservative, therapy. The cause of this disease can be both hypothermia and an ordinary cold.
What are the types of hearing loss with hearing loss?
There are three types of deafness with a disease such as hearing loss.
- In case of damage to the auditory and hearing organs, a mixed form appears in man.
- Inflammation of the auditory nerve (it is also called the pre-door cochlear organ), the auditory zone of the brain (the region of the temples), the cells of the Corti's organ and the auditory organs of the analyzer indicate that the neurosensory form of pathology is developing.
- With conductive hearing loss, there are hearing-impaired organs, in particular the external ear passage, the tympanic membrane, the auditory ossicles in the middle ear.
As you can see, the variety of forms of pathology is great. Hearing recovery in each case occurs in different ways.
Treatment of sensorineural hearing loss
In order to recover from sensorineural hearing loss, it is necessary to be in special conditions. The scheme of therapy is divided into three stages.
- The first 5 days apply emergency measures. The person is prescribed droppers, injections, and also conducts examination and diagnostics of the auditory organs to prevent the development of complications. Due to a complete examination of the patient's body, the doctor is able to identify the exact cause of neurosensory hearing loss and draw conclusions about the treatment.
- The second stage lasts 2 weeks. As a rule, the patient is hospitalized during it and continues to receive intramuscular injections.
- The next, final stage can be conducted up to 3 months. The person is treated out-patient, the drugs can already be taken in the form of tablets. Complete restoration of hearing with proper treatment will not take long.
Drugs prescribed for neurosensory (sensorineural) hearing loss
Depending on the severity of the disease, different types of medications are prescribed. A group of nootropic drugs was recognized as effective. Among these, we can name first of all Tanakan, Glycyrin, Semax, Vinpocetin, Cerebrolysin, and Nootropil. And this is not the whole list. The main property of these drugs is the improvement of the circulatory system, the acceleration of the circulation of biological fluid in the brain and, of course, the hearing aid.
Thanks to a good flow of blood to the ears, cells and tissues exposed to external factors come to the original form and hearing, the restoration of which depends precisely on these conditions, appears.
Often, with hearing loss, doctors prescribe vitamin B. Of this group, thiamin (B1), pyridoxine (B6), cyanobolamine (B12) are the main drugs for hearing impairment. This is due to the fact that they affect the central and peripheral nervous system, improving its work and bringing the cells back to normal. Vitamins are prescribed to virtually all patients, regardless of the severity of the disease.
"Milgamma" (its composition includes the above substances), benfotiamine ("improved" B1, which is able to absorb faster and better in the intestines than a pure vitamin) and "Milgamma compositum" (a mixture of the two previous drugs) - they all normalize the hearing. Recovery occurs if you follow the doctor's instructions and take pills on time.
The most common treatment for deafness among the majority of the population is non-drug, or physiotherapy. It is preferred by both doctors and patients who do not like to seek help in hospitals.
The most effective methods among all the methods of such treatment are phonoelectrophoresis (FEP), laser irradiation and fluctuating currents.
FEF enables the medicine to enter the inner ear within a short period of time and thus allows it to act quickly. It is also interesting that this procedure occurs in a certain way, as a result of which the drug lasts longer in the body and produces a better effect. In addition, phonoelectrophoresis can increase the metabolism in the ear, raising it to a normal level.
Laser irradiation of the blood is carried out if it is necessary to urgently introduce antioxidants into the ear cavity.
In critical situations, when there is a risk of complete hearing loss, a special procedure is performed using the current. Fluctuating currents help the tissues and cells of the hearing aid to recover, get useful substances and increase blood supply. Thanks to such properties, hearing restoration with neurosensory hearing loss occurs many times faster. Typically, the treatment course includes 10-12 such procedures for 10 minutes.
Conductive Hearing Loss
The treatment of such a disease depends entirely on how badly the ear has suffered and what kind of damage it has caused. For example, if a patient has an external ear injury that results in a disturbance in the perception of sound and the passage of his waves to the middle part of the organ and the membrane, the doctor prescribes adequate treatment.
At certain rates, surgical intervention is indicated. The operation is performed in the event that the tympanic membrane has lost its integrity. The doctor replaces the natural organ with a synthetic prosthesis. Such surgical intervention in medicine is called myringoplasty. In this case, doctors predict full recovery of hearing after surgery.
Conductive hearing loss can occur with barotrauma. It is caused by a violation of pressure in the nasopharynx and the middle ear. Polytzer blowing is the most effective and effective treatment.
The middle ear is inflamed with otitis as a light form, and purulent heavy. The doctor prescribes antibiotics, drugs that affect the outflow of fluid from the ear, improve blood supply to the injured organ, and various anti-inflammatory drugs.
Sometimes the deafness is so complicated that a person needs to replace the auditory ossicles. This occurs with severe forms of otitis and otosclerosis. For prosthetics, an operation is performed, during which the organ is replaced by a synthetic one.
Operative treatment for severe forms of hearing loss
In those cases when a patient comes to the doctor late, the disease develops too quickly, or the patient chooses not to go to a medical institution, the deafness acquires new qualities, and the ability to return the hearing practically disappears.
That is why instead of conservative treatment appoint operative. At 3 and 4 degrees of deafness, complete deafness, the patient is assigned hearing aids. Other methods of treatment are completely ineffective.
Hearing restoration with a deafness of severe form is possible only if the nerve remains in a healthy state. Then cochlear implantation is performed (operation).
Otitis in children
Unfortunately, in children otitis occurs much more often than in adults. This is due to the fact that the structure of cells and tissues at an early age is not yet fully developed.
Otitis is also able to occur in complications of influenza, cold and viral diseases, reducing immunity. Rumor, the restoration of which is the result of proper treatment, often with unreleased forms of the disease returns completely.
Pathology is of three kinds.
- External otitis media. Occurs in violation of personal hygiene, traumas of the auditory canal.
- ARVI can cause the average form of the disease.
- Internal otitis occurs a little less frequently than previous forms, but it is also the most dangerous.
Parents, trying to understand what is happening to the child, should study in the special literature symptoms, but do not self-medicate. As soon as the disease makes itself felt, you should immediately contact the otolaryngologist. And only in this case, the restoration of hearing in children will have a 100% guarantee.
Otitis in adults
In adults, otitis occurs less frequently, as already mentioned above, and mostly only from severe hypothermia. Less often the disease appears from improper personal hygiene and viral colds.
Unlike a child, an adult is able to adequately describe his pain, which allows you to immediately diagnose otitis, not only in the doctor's office, but also at home.
- decreased hearing;
- pain in the ears of varying severity;
- occasionally the temperature rises;
- dizziness and headache;
- malaise, weakness, spleen;
As with children, with timely treatment of hearing, the restoration of which will not cause any difficulties, will return completely.
Treatment of otitis media folk remedies
If the hearing is impaired as a result of otitis, the doctor prescribes both medication and non-drug treatment. The best effect is provided by conservative therapy in combination with folk, so-called "grandmother's" methods.
A common way is garlic tincture. It is necessary to take one tooth and crush it. In the resulting gruel add camphor oil, mix thoroughly, then put the mixture in gauze and insert into the ear cavity. You need to do this every evening before bedtime.