Lip cancer is a malignant neoplasm. This disease is common, but more often observed in people after forty. Formations can appear on both the upper lip and the lower lip (the latter is much more common, but the lower lip treatment also passes easier).
The causes of cancer are many, the most frequent of which is smoking. There are other factors that provoke the disease - burns, piercing, alcoholism, bacterial diseases of the mouth, viral infections, trauma to the mucous membrane. This type of cancer is more likely to affect men in old age. In young malignant tumors are rarely diagnosed.
The first symptoms of lip cancer are difficult to determine, because at the onset of the disease, the tumor can be confused with herpes or just for a long time without healing damage. Usually, the tumor grows slowly. In advanced cases, metastases are formed not only on the mucosa, but also spread into the mouth, grow into the jaw bone, and then through the blood cancer cells are carried throughout the body.
Symptoms of Lip Cancer
- profuse salivation;
- itching, especially during meals;
- dry red border with peeling;
- seal, covered with greyish or yellowish scales.
The initial symptoms of lip cancer do not cause much discomfort, this stage is painless. Promptly refer to the doctor usually women, because the sores visibly spoil the appearance. Men also often come to see a specialist in the second and subsequent stages. With early diagnosis of this disease, treatment yields positive results in 70-80% of cases.
How to recognize cancer
If a long non-healing wound appeared on the lip - this is an occasion to consult a doctor. Most often, the first sign is a small seal, which gradually begins to peel off. In the detachment of small crusts, new, coarse and large sizes, usually gray or yellow, appear in their place.
Sometimes the earliest symptoms of lip cancer are burning and itching in the mouth, especially during meals.
Gradually around the node there are new dense formations. With the development of the disease, there is a tumor, ulcers, scabs.
The nodules themselves are painless when palpated, unpleasant sensations arise when the crusts are separated. During exfoliation, blood appears, you can see small fused nodules of light gray color.
Women often have upper lip cancer. Symptoms are no different from signs of cancer of the lower lip, the difference is only in the place of education. A tumor on the upper lip occurs less often, but the treatment is more difficult to treat.
At the first suspicions on a cancer of a lip it is necessary to address immediately to the oncologist. If the disease is diagnosed at an early stage, then the chance of a full recovery is very high - about 70%. Unlike most other cancers, lip cancer can be cured without surgery. Today, in the first two stages, short-focus radiation and interstitial therapy are used.
In order to timely diagnose, such as lip cancer, symptoms, photos and other information on this disease should be viewed by everyone who has high health.