Lip cancer is a malignant neoplasm. This disease is not uncommon, but it is more common in people over forty. Formations can appear both on the upper lip and on the lower lip (on the latter much more often, but the treatment of the lower lip is easier).
The causes of lip cancer are many, the most frequent of which is smoking. There are other factors that provoke this disease - burns, piercing, alcoholism, oral bacterial diseases, viral infections, mucosal injuries. This type of cancer is most often affected by men in old age. In young, a malignant tumor is rarely diagnosed.
The first symptoms of lip cancer are quite difficult to determine, since at the onset of the disease, the neoplasm can be confused with herpes or just for a long time without healing damage. Usually the tumor grows slowly. In advanced cases, metastases are formed not only on the mucous membrane, but also spread into the oral cavity, germinate in the jaw bone, and then through the blood the cancer cells are spread throughout the body.
Lip Cancer Symptoms
- abundant salivation;
- itching, especially during the meal;
- dry red border with peeling;
- seal, covered with grayish or yellowish scales.
The initial symptoms of cancer of the lips do not cause much discomfort; this stage is painless. Usually women usually promptly consult a doctor, as the sores noticeably spoil the appearance. Men, on the other hand, come to the specialist at the second and subsequent stages more often. With early diagnosis of this disease, treatment yields positive results in 70-80% of cases.
How to recognize cancer
If a non-healing wound appeared on the lip, this is a reason to consult a doctor. Most often, the first sign is a small seal, which gradually begins to peel off. With the detachment of small crusts in their place, new, coarse and large sizes appear, usually gray or yellow.
Sometimes the very first symptoms of lip cancer are burning and itching in the mouth, especially during meals.
Gradually, new dense formations appear around the nodule. With the development of the disease there is a tumor, ulcers, scabs.
The nodules themselves are painless on palpation, discomfort occurs when the crusts are separated. Blood exudes during exfoliation; small, fused nodules of light gray color can be seen.
Women are more likely to have upper lip cancer. Symptoms are no different from signs of cancer of the lower lip, the only difference is in the place of formation. A swelling on the upper lip occurs less frequently, but the treatment is more difficult.
At the first suspicion of cancer of the lip should immediately contact an oncologist. If the disease is diagnosed in the early stages, then the chance of complete recovery is very high - about 70%. Unlike most other cancers, lip cancer can be cured without surgery. Today, during the first two stages, short-focus radiation and interstitial therapy is applied.
In order to promptly make such a diagnosis as lip cancer, symptoms, photos and other information on the disease, everyone who is dear to their health must be reviewed.