In recent years, people have increasingly become sensitive to these or other irritants. And the signs of allergy in adults are encountered when dealing with both synthetic substances and with very ordinary products and materials. This state gives a lot of inconvenience, but it is still possible to solve this problem.
How to distinguish allergy from other diseases
The first signs of an allergy are often similar to the symptoms of different diseases. However, in order not to confuse them, it is necessary to conduct a small independent study. Firstly, it is important to remember whether such symptoms occurred when exposed to a certain irritant, while staying in similar conditions or using certain products. For greater reliability, you can take a remedy for allergies. If there is a disappearance of symptoms, this may already indicate the presence of increased sensitivity of the body. But a more complete picture can be obtained by contacting a specialist for assistance. It is he who can conduct tests, the result of which will indicate the presence of an allergy or its absence.
The main symptoms of hypersensitivity
The signs of allergy in adults can be both local and general. The first category includes rhinitis (clear discharge from the nose, swelling, redness), conjunctivitis (eyes begin to itch, tears flow, swelling of the eyes is possible). Often breathing and breathing problems, there is shortness of breath. Some patients have allergic otitis. You can also observe the manifestation of allergy on the face: the skin is covered with spots, rashes, itches. Well, common signs are considered to be shortness of breath, itching, swelling. If all the symptoms are pronounced, then we can talk about anaphylactic shock.
Why is an allergy more common?
First of all, it is necessary to understand the mechanism of development of an allergic reaction. When a foreign protein enters our body, the immune system fights with an unexpected visitor. In this case, data on the type, structure of the allergen are stored in its memory. Repeated penetration of the substance causes a violent reaction, which is characterized by its hyperactivity. As a consequence, allergy symptoms in adults also appear. Specific reasons for the occurrence of specialists are not called, but they identify a number of factors that can lead to the development of the disease. First of all, these are chemical substances that surround us. We meet her everywhere: in food, in the air, in everyday life. The total use of synthetic products for washing, cleaning does not leave not only harmful, but also useful microorganisms.In addition, the entire environment is saturated with odors, dyes and other potential allergens. Antibiotics, which are widely used in breeding chickens, pigs, only exacerbate the situation. Another point that scientists highlight is the state of stress.
What types of allergies are there
Depending on what caused the increased sensitivity of the body, the following types of disease are distinguished. One of the most common is food allergy. Also common is the seasonal, or so-called spring allergy. Blooming of all kinds of plants, their pollen can bring a lot of problems to people with increased susceptibility.Another subspecies is the reaction of the body to the cold (or, conversely, to the sun's rays). Atopic dermatitis is manifested by permanent rashes on the skin, itching. Do not forget about the drug allergy. Knowing what drugs are capable of provoking the body's reaction can simply save a life. The danger of allergy is that Quincke's edema or anaphylactic shock can develop. In the first case, the laryngeal edema can cause suffocation. In the second there is a slowing of breathing, the pressure drops. If these signs of allergy are recorded in adults, then in such situations emergency help is needed.
Since we eat food every day, the development of sensitivity to certain foods can significantly worsen the quality of life. Almost every product can become an allergen. But there is a list of the most common food allergens. These include chicken eggs, chocolate, tomatoes, citrus fruits. Also, people prone to this disease, you must use caution, honey, milk, strawberries, nuts. Allergic reactions can cause seafood. Wheat, grains also belong to potentially unsafe products. Signs of food allergies are as follows: nausea, abnormalities in the work of the gastrointestinal tract, all kinds of skin reactions, headache, including migraine, inflammatory processes in the colon, stomach mucosa.Treatment of food allergies alone is an exception to the diet of a particular product. However, you can find alternatives. If there is an allergy to the protein of a chicken egg, then it is completely safe to eat the yolk. With prolonged boiling of milk (25 or more minutes), harmful allergens are destroyed.
If the approach to the treatment of food sensitivity is understandable and relatively simple, then with the seasonal allergy the situation is different. During the period of active flowering of certain plants, the state of allergy sufferers deteriorates sharply. The spring allergy is manifested by a stuffy nose, conjunctivitis, sneezing and other similar symptoms. The main problem is that it is simply impossible to lock yourself in a house and sit there for several weeks. Therefore, to ease the condition, specialists prescribe special drugs. In addition, during the active pollen propagation it is important to follow certain rules: picnics and long walks in nature are better to be postponed for later, after coming from the yard it is necessary to wash and change clothes. Doctors recommend washing clothes as often as possible, because it is on them that many allergens settle. Wet cleaning must be done daily.
Allergic reactions to medications
Sensitivity to the components of certain drugs is a fairly common allergy. Itching, characteristic signs on the skin, rhinitis, shortness of breath, fever - this is an incomplete list of symptoms of this disease. In this case, the medicine does not have the desired effect, and its administration, even in microdoses, can cause serious consequences. To prevent this condition, all allergic reactions should be noted on the first page of medical records. It is extremely dangerous in the presence of allergies to medicinal preparations to prescribe for themselves any treatment, since the reaction can manifest itself in similar components of other mixtures and tablets.