A bump on the gum in a child is a phenomenon that does not always occur. In general, teeth and gums are human vulnerabilities. And if problems arise with these bodies, they need to be resolved as soon as possible. After all, even a child's illnesses will bring a lot of problems in a more adult age. Sometimes parents notice that various kinds of bumps appear on the gums of their babies. What it is? How to cope with them? Why do bumps occur? Are they really dangerous? Understanding all this is not as easy as it sounds. After all, much depends on the age of the child. However, knowing how old a baby is, you can determine why a lump appeared on the gum. Self-treatment is not recommended. It is necessary to consult a doctor if the child has a phenomenon under study.A lump appeared on the gum in a child: causes and methods of treatment

Teething

Did you find a lump on the gum of a child who was just born? This phenomenon should be familiar to all parents. We are talking about swelling, which either acquire a white shade, or remain pink.

Such bumps on the gums do not carry any serious danger. But it’s worth taking the kid to the doctor. In the first year of life, closer to 4-5 months, his teeth begin to cut. At such moments, the gums swell, and parents may notice that the child has a lump on the gums (or swelling). Usually teething is accompanied by pain, as well as fever.

Nothing should be done in this case. It is recommended to show the child to the doctor - the doctor will definitely advise any remedy that will ease the pain. And then it remains only to wait. Teething is a natural process that should be experienced.

Inflammation

As soon as all the teeth are cut, the oral cavity will have to be carefully looked after. More precisely, it should be done after the appearance of the first tooth. Particular attention is paid to the oral cavity, if the parents do not have very good heredity in this regard.

A bump on the gum in a child (and an adult), which appears suddenly when sore, is a signal of the onset of the inflammatory process. Most common in adults and adolescents, in molars. But dairy, too, such a phenomenon is observed.

You can try to solve the problem. To do this, it is enough to take good care of the oral cavity - carefully but gently brush your teeth 2 times a day, use mouth rinses. Maybe after some time the bump on the child's gum will pass. It is recommended not to engage in self-treatment - only the dentist will be able to say what the matter is.

The next scenario is the appearance of a small nipple that does not interfere with the normal life. She is usually white. This is a signal of poor oral hygiene. When pressed, does not cause pain.

This phenomenon is called a fistula. This is a white bump on the gum (in a child or an adult), which appeared due to poor dental care. You can rinse your mouth with a solution of soda: a glass of water (warm) and half a tablespoon of salt and soda. For a few such procedures, the fistula must pass. But it’s worth taking a child to the doctor. Fistulas appear on milk and on molars.

Periodontitis

What other cases may be? In fact, if a child has a lump on the gum, you need to start to monitor oral hygiene. After all, microbes are the result of the disease appeared. The next inflammatory process in turn is periodontitis.

This is a gum disease that can be inherited. Or rather, the inclination to such an illness is transmitted. If the parents and the mother have this problem during pregnancy, it is highly likely that the baby will also have periodontitis. This is an inflammatory process of the gums. Usually such a bump on the gum of the child does not hurt. And it reaches a diameter of 1 centimeter. It can be either whitish or pink. As an option - a red bump with pus inside.

In this case, it is recommended not to self-medicate in principle. Seek medical attention as soon as possible - periodontitis is a common disease. If you run it, you can then suffer all your life with this disease. From time to time on the gums will appear like cones. Also, such inflammation can lead to cysts in the teeth.

Is there a lump on the gum above the child's tooth? At the same time, the tooth hurts, but apparently it seems that the area above the cone has swollen (for example, the cheek)? Then you must immediately write the child to the dentist: it is a flux.

This phenomenon is most often the result of caries. Either unhealed or improperly treated. Flux - a disease extremely unpleasant. Not only the lump hurts, but also the area around it swells. Most often, the treatment is flushed with dental canals, sometimes surgical treatment is required. The pus is removed, then the tooth is tightly sealed. If we are talking about milk, it is recommended to remove it. This is the most common technique that doctors offer.

A white bump on the gum of a child may indicate the presence of a cyst in the tooth. Refers to both dairy and indigenous. Typically, such a lump does not hurt, in diameter can reach 1 centimeter. It does not increase, but it can bring discomfort. The tooth itself does not usually hurt. The bump on the gum in a child, if we are talking about a cyst, is dense.

A distinctive feature of this disease is that when a cyst from the mouth emanates an unpleasant odor. And this provided that nothing like this happened before. Relieve the disease can not - just remove the cyst and find out why it originated. Most often occurs in the upper jaw.

It is recommended to make an x-ray of the affected tooth. Sometimes there is no point in treating cysts - it is easier to remove a tooth. Especially when it comes to milk. Constants are trying to save. In particular, if the patient is a child.

Fibropapilloma

What other options can there be? A bump on the gum in a child can be a benign tumor. It is called fibropapilloma. Usually it does not hurt, looks like a small seal that can grow. Only occasionally pus appears inside.

The treatment of this disease can not be. Removed only by surgery. For children's teeth does not bear any danger, but brings a lot of inconvenience. Leaving fibropapilloma without attention is not worth it. They can harm in the period of the appearance of permanent teeth.

If a child has a lump with pus on the gum, it must be examined by a dentist without fail. Next is selected treatment in accordance with the disease. After all, it is impossible to determine for yourself what the matter is. And what if a lump formed at the place where the baby tooth was recently? There is no pus inside the gums.

This phenomenon is a consequence of the appearance of molars. Usually, the gums swell during the period of eruption, lumps appear (pink or whitish), they can hurt a little when pressed. Cutting sensations are extremely rare.

The period of change of milk teeth, as well as the first eruption, should be endured. This is a natural process, it will touch every child. Most often, pain occurs when changing distant teeth. You can take painkillers, but no more. It is not necessary to raise a panic: after a while a new tooth will appear from the bumps.

But that is not all. A bump on the gum in a child (the photos are presented in the article) may be far from a disease, but a certain phenomenon. It's about hematomas. Most often they appear precisely in children. Looks like pink dense bumps. And there are due to the impact.

It is usually recommended not only to show the child to the doctor, but also to apply something cold to the affected area. Some recommend watching the bump. If it does not increase, even decreases, you can not panic. The occurrence is a hematoma. He is prone to gums of a child, especially while eating. Adults rarely face this problem. But if the lump begins to increase or brings discomfort, it is recommended to immediately consult a doctor. It is likely that some infection has accumulated in the gum.

What can, what can not

It often happens that there is no acute toothache in a child. But the bump is still there. It does not pass, filled with pus. What to do to alleviate the situation before the visit to the doctor?

Here you can advise several scenarios. In general, it all depends on the disease. Therefore, an unequivocal answer can not be found. In any case, it is recommended to disinfect the oral cavity. Let the child rinse his mouth with rinse more often, gently brush his teeth.

In no case can not pierce and squeeze the bump. The pus may leak out, but then even more infection will get into the gum. Warming up the bumps is also not recommended. The exception - rinsing with a solution of soda and salt, and then not too hot. Infection during heating may recede, but this does not preclude its further spread.

Also, do not overcool the affected area. It is recommended to take food very carefully, to exclude everything that is cold and very hot. Suitable food at room temperature.

Brush your teeth baby should gently, with a soft brush. It is important not to damage the gums. Especially when it comes to flux or cyst. Fistula can burst, it should not cause panic. Pus at the same time follows. In some cases, bursting fistula quickly tightened, and they are safely forgotten.

Perhaps this is all that parents should know. White bump on the gum in a child, as already mentioned, may be of a different nature. It is not possible to predict which case exactly takes place. It is mandatory to take a picture of the affected tooth before the visit to the dentist. This is the only way to fully determine why a lump appeared. Especially if it hurts and significantly increases in size.

In order not to face this problem, it is recommended to simply monitor the oral cavity. This prevention and treatment. The rest of the work remains with the dentist. A purulent lump on the gum of a child should not be overlooked!