Polyps in the nose are a problem that many people face. Moreover, quite often such a disease is diagnosed in children. So what are the neoplasm data? Why do they arise? Is there effective treatment for the polyp in the nose with folk remedies?
What are polyps and why are they formed?
Polyps are benign formations that are formed from cells of the mucous tissue of nasal passages and paranasal sinuses. By the way, according to statistics, men suffer from this disease approximately 2-4 times more often than the fair sex. Polyps are often formed in the nose in children.
Despite the fact that neoplasms are considered benign, in the absence of treatment they can be dangerous, as they tend to increase in size, gradually blocking the airways. Unfortunately, the cause of polyp formation can not be determined far from always. Nevertheless, it is commonly believed that the risk factors are various allergic processes, dysfunctions of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses, as well as fungal infections, chronic inflammatory and purulent processes. The list of causes can also include a violation of the correct metabolism of arachidonic acid, intolerance to salicylic acid, as well as cystic fibrosis.
The main symptoms of the disease
In the early stages, it is not always easy to notice polyps in the nose. Patient reviews, however, indicate that there are some warning signs that you should definitely pay attention to.
Patients gradually develop persistent nasal congestion. Also, the signs include the appearance of discharge from the nasal passages, the difficulty of normal breathing. Such neoplasms squeeze the blood vessels, which, in turn, leads to disruption of tissue trophism and a decrease in local immunity. As a result, patients are more prone to chronic inflammatory diseases. As the disease progresses, the voice can change (it becomes more nasal). Often people complain of a decrease or total absence of smell.
Especially dangerous are polyps in the nose in infants. After all, shortness of breath disturbs sleep, and it also prevents the baby from eating. In the absence of therapy, the child slowly gaining weight.
In any case, in the presence of the above symptoms it is necessary to consult a doctor. Treatment of the polyp in the nose with folk remedies is possible only after consulting a specialist.
Conservative methods of treatment
Get rid of polyps in the nose can be with the help of conservative therapy, especially when it comes to the early stages of the disease. During the diagnosis, the doctor must determine the cause of the appearance of neoplasms and eliminate it. For example, in the presence of allergies, patients are advised to avoid contact with allergens, and prescribe antihistamines.
The sick person also undergoes a complete treatment of all inflammatory and chronic diseases (eg, chronic tonsillitis, etc.). Therapy may include the use of anti-inflammatory and immunomodulating medications depending on the condition of the patient. In addition, various treatment procedures are used, including regular flushing of the nasal passages and sinuses, as well as warming up.
When is surgery necessary?
If the inefficiency of conservative therapy, the presence of large tumors or chronic inflammatory processes, the patient needs surgical help: the doctor uses a special tool to remove polyps in the nose. The operation is performed under both local and general anesthesia, depending on the chosen technique. To date, most often neoplasms are removed using forceps or special loops. This technique has a number of disadvantages. For example, after the operation there is quite a bit of bleeding. In addition, the risk of reappearance of tumors is high.
More and more popular is the endoscopic removal of polyps through the nasal passages. During this procedure, special equipment is used, as well as optical fiber, which allows the doctor to see the neoplasm well, completely remove it and thoroughly wash the paranasal sinuses.
Removal of polyps by laser
Today, more and more often doctors recommend patients to remove polyps of the nose with a laser. Of course, such a procedure has a number of advantages. A precisely directed laser beam helps to quickly eliminate the tumor. Moreover, the laser instantly cauterizes the damaged vessels, which prevents the appearance of massive bleeding. In addition, with such a procedure, the risk of infection of tissues is minimized. The same removal lasts about 15-20 minutes.
As for the shortcomings of the technique, unfortunately, such "cauterization" of the polyp is impossible in the event that the neoplasms have reached a large size. In addition, the procedure is not so cheap.
Treatment of the polyp in the nose with folk remedies
Undoubtedly, in addition to the generally accepted, there are also non-traditional methods of combating such a disease. Is it possible to effectively treat the polyp in the nose with folk remedies? Feedback from patients and doctors suggests that some recipes can really help, especially if you use them along with drug therapy.
For example, many specialists recommend regular rinsing of the nasal passages with the help of a weak saline solution - this helps to purify tissues from purulent and mucous masses, to prevent the development of the inflammatory process. With the same purpose, decoction of herb celandine is used. To make it, you need a tablespoon of dried grass to pour a glass of boiling water, insist and strain. It is most convenient to use a syringe to wash the nose.
Some folk medicine men recommend honey as a medicine. Dampen the cotton swab in it and gently treat the nasal passages. The procedure must be repeated three times a day.
To wash the nose, you can also use decoctions of herbs that have anti-inflammatory properties, such as chamomile or calendula. But in any case, it is worthwhile to understand that folk remedies can only be used as supportive measures.