In 1898 the Institute was founded. Morozov, who specialized in the treatment of tumors. The initiative of its creation was made by a professor at the University of Moscow, the famous surgeon LL Levshin and his student VM Zykov. Funded the construction of donations of the Moscow merchant class, most of which belonged to the family of the Morozovs. Subsequently, the institution was renamed. Today it is the famous Oncological Institute. Herzen (2nd Botkinsky Ave, page 3). Further in the article we will get acquainted with the structure and purpose of the institution.
What stands out for the Research Institute. Herzen? The Institute is an old European scientific and practical and the first Russian institution in which the science and service of combating tumors in Russia began to develop. He created his own scientific and clinical school, which was completed by outstanding Russian and foreign oncologists. The staff of the institution were many famous scientists. They have made a significant contribution to the formation of the science of cancer. Among them, Academicians AI Abrikosov, BV Petrovsky, SS Debov, AS Pavlov, Corresponding Members of the RAS NN Petrov and PA Herzen can be distinguished. The Institute, thanks to the work of these and other figures, significantly expanded and deepened knowledge on the problem of malignant tumors.
In different years, the institution was headed by Lev Levshin, VR Braitsev, VM Zykov, PS Pavlov, VM Bruskin, AN Novikov, AI Savitsky. The institution was also under the leadership of SI Sergeev, BE Peterson, PA Herzen. The Institute was transformed 36 years after its creation. Since that moment he became the Central Research Institute of Tumor Pathologies. This was the subordinate institution of the People's Commissar of Health of the RSFSR. In the period 1922-1933 the supervisor was the scientist-surgeon P. A. Herzen, who was the founder of the school of oncologists in the capital. He made a significant contribution to the further formation of the institution. Thanks to this, the organizations were given his name - Herzen. The Institute in the period from 1982 to 2013 was under the supervision of Professor VI Chissov. To date, the head of the institution is A. D. Kaprin.
The Herzen Institute includes three advanced Russian Centers. They are engaged in laser photodynamic diagnostics and treatment of tumors, palliative care, epidemiological studies. The dissertation council specializes in oncology, radiation diagnostics, radiation therapy.
The Herzen Institute is the leader in the development of methods for treating tumor patients. Thanks to new implementations, it became possible to maximally preserve the damaged organ and limit the negative impact of therapy on the human body. The technique consists of reconstructive and plastic operations using microsurgery, biotechnology and photodynamic treatment.
The most important are such scientific research:
- Development and introduction of lasers for therapy of oncological diseases.
- Research and use of automated means and methods of effective radiation treatment of malignant gynecological lesions.
- Development of operations aimed at preserving the diseased organ in cancer.
- The study of autotransplantation of microsurgical type of tissues and organs in the therapy and rehabilitation of patients with oncological diseases.
- Use of radio modifiers to increase the effectiveness of radiation treatment of malignant tumors.
- Research of a new type of medicinal product for the treatment of infectious, cancerous and other diseases.
- Development and introduction into practice of medicine of new technologies and technical means for the treatment of oncology, which are based on the use of air plasma and nitric oxide exogenous species.
- Schematic treatment of chronic stage pain syndrome.
- Method of endoscopic diagnosis of malignant neoplasms of the reproductive system.
- Algorithms for the volume of diagnosis and treatment of oncological diseases 56 localizations.
The Herzen Institute has a perfect material and technical base.
Employees and awards
To date, the staff consists of an academician and 2 correspondents of the RAMS, 40 doctors, 21 professors and 90 candidates of science, 17 of which are laureates of the State and Government Prizes of the Russian Federation. Many employees of the institution have orders and medals received for long-term responsible work and merits in the field of medicine. The Herzen Institute in Moscow was awarded the NN Blokhina Prize and the Catherine Dashkova Medal for her unique research work. For five years, the scientific workers of the institution defended 58 theses, of which 12 are doctoral, 46 are candidate. In addition, 78 patents for inventions were received and 60 on methods of diagnosing cancer tumors and treating patients with cancers of major localizations. Scientists published 60 monographs, 667 printed works. Also, their reports are presented at congresses, international forums, school seminars and conferences.
Training of specialists
Over the past four years, 268 people have been educated at the institute in the workplace. They were trained in the developed schemes for diagnosing malignant tumors, methodological approaches to the therapy of patients with cancer. The Institute opened residency, which allows to train cadres in five specialties.
Herzen Institute: polyclinic
The institution provides an opportunity to undergo an examination for malignant neoplasms. If required, highly effective treatment aimed at preserving the injured organ. Sparing surgical, radial, medicamentous therapy is carried out. Combined treatment of all types of cancer, modern rehabilitation - all this is offered to visitors of the Herzen Research Institute. The Institute (reviews of those who visited it, confirm this) is an advanced diagnostic and treatment center in the field of tumor pathologies. Former patients and those who were simply here on the survey, note the high professionalism of employees using advanced methods in the field of medicine. Consultation of a doctor costs from 1250 rubles.
RGPU them. Herzen. Institute of Childhood
This institution is considered the leader in combining scientific research of family and child problems today, as well as in training highly qualified personnel for preschool, primary and secondary professional educational institutions. The Institute of Childhood trains 1,700 students who take part in exhibitions, seminars, olympiads, conferences held in Russia and abroad every year. They are scholarship holders of federal programs, as well as recipients of individual student grants. Graduates of the Institute find work in private and public educational institutions, in the fields of education management and international cultural communication, in centers for psychological care and early education. In addition, they become experts in the direction of early learning a foreign language, psychological and pedagogical support of children.