The method of Heimlich is used for popperhivanii, when a person needs immediate help. Usually in this state, the color of the victim's face becomes blue-red, as they say, cyanotic. A man grabs his throat and is unable to talk or breathe air. In such situations it is very important to know the Heimlich method well. You can also help yourself in this way.

General description of the Heimlich method

What should I do if someone chokes next to you? First of all, do not panic. Do the following:

  1. If the choked person is conscious and stands on his feet, stand behind him.
  2. Grab the victim with both hands.
  3. Squeeze one of the hands in the fist and press the thumb of the fist down to place the abdomen of the victim between the navel and the ribs. This area of ​​the abdomen is called epigastric.
  4. Put the palm of the other hand on top of the fist and push it upwards pressing it into the stomach. Carrying out this movement, make sure that your arms bend at the elbows, but the victim's chest is not squashed.
  5. We repeat the application of the Heimlich method to the complete liberation of the respiratory tract of the choked person.

It is important to remember that slapping the victim on the back can make things worse. The thing with which a person choked, from the cotton on the back, can pass along the respiratory tract below. A sign that the Heimlich method has worked - a person can breathe on his own, and the color of his face became normal.

Heimlich method: description of reception

The method of Heimlich: a description of the necessary actions if the person is unconscious

If a choked person has lost consciousness or come to him from behind is not possible, it is still possible to help him. To help the victim, follow these steps:

  1. Put the person on the back.
  2. Take a pose sitting on the victim, facing his head. Try to sit on your hips, so as not to put pressure on the chest and stomach of a person who needs help.
  3. Put your hands on top of each other. The lower arm should be located between the umbilicus and the ribs of the choked person.
  4. Pressing all over the body, make active shocks in the epigastric region of the victim in the direction upwards.
  5. Watch that the victim's head looks straight, and not turned to one side.
  6. Repeat your movements until the person begins to breathe on their own.
  7. If the person you are helping with does not come to your senses, then perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation before the doctors arrive. Inspection of the doctors will be necessary for the injured person and in case of restoring breathing and consciousness.

The method of Heimlich for foreign bodies of the respiratory tract in children

If a child chokes and can not breathe, it is necessary to perform the following actions:

  1. Place the affected child on the back on the floor.
  2. Get on your knees at his feet.
  3. Attach the middle and index fingers of your both hands on the baby's belly between the navel and the edge arch.
  4. Make active pressing motion to the baby's diaphragm upward.
  5. Keep your chest free, do not feel pressure.
  6. It must be repeated until the airway is cleaned.

Helping young children

There is another method for helping a choked baby, especially when it is suitable for young children.

  1. Put the child face down, so that his face lies on your palm, and your legs are on opposite sides of your forearms.
  2. Slap the baby lightly on the back between the shoulder blades until the airway is released.

If this method does not work, continue to help the first way to receive Heimlich. If the child does not return to consciousness and does not breathe, it is necessary to begin carrying out cardiopulmonary resuscitation before the arrival of doctors. After a baby's shuffling, the doctor conducts an examination and with a successful disposal of a foreign body.

Help on the method of Heimlich to himself

If you are in this situation yourself and there is not anyone around who can help you, you need to do the following:

  1. Squeeze your hand in the fist and the side where you have your thumb, attach it to the stomach between the ribs and the navel.
  2. Put the palm of the second hand over the fist.
  3. With an active impulse, the fist is pressed against the diaphragm upwards.
  4. Repeat these steps until you feel better breathing.

There is also the method of Heimlich with a chair for self-help. To perform this option, you need to lean against a chair, handrail or corner of the table, in a word, about a belly that is securely standing, and perform jerks in the upward direction. After providing self-help, you need to undergo a doctor's examination.

Features of Geimlich's reception for drowning

The most important thing to remember when helping a drowned man: while there is water in the lungs, air can not enter there.

In case the victim is on the ground, we provide assistance in the following order:

  1. Turn the person on the back.
  2. His head must be turned aside so that water can flow out of his mouth.
  3. Take the position sitting on the hips of a person in need of help, facing his head.
  4. Fold your hands on each other, with the palm of your lower arm, lean against the epigastric region of the drowned man.
  5. Pressing the weight of your body, perform active pushing movements towards the victim's face.

In the event that the victim is in a standing position in the basin or in shallow water, we perform a rescue operation in this order:

  1. Stand up behind the person in need of help, grab him with your own hands.
  2. Squeeze one of the hands in the fist and with the thumb of the fist, press down the victim's abdomen between the navel and the ribs, the epigastric region.
  3. Put the palm of the other hand on top of the fist and push it upwards pressing it into the stomach. Carrying out this movement, make sure that your arms bend at the elbows, but the victim's chest is not squashed.
  4. We repeat the application of the Heimlich method to the complete release of the airways of the person's swallowed water, that is, until the water stops pouring out of the victim's mouth.
  5. If the above actions do not work, start the cardiopulmonary resuscitation before the ambulance arrives.
  6. The doctor will need to examine the victim at any outcome.

It is important to remember that the weight of a person in the water is less than its weight on the ground, due to the buoyancy of water.

In order to perfectly master the reception of Geimlich, it is necessary to conduct classes for the rehabilitation of victims using a mannequin.