Otitis is an inflammatory disease of the hearing aid. In terms of prevalence, it occupies one of the leading places among inflammatory processes. More than 70% of cases occur in children under the age of 3-5 years. According to statistics, almost every child has had an inflammation of the middle ear at least once in his life. The cure in most cases is 100%. Complications with timely access to the doctor is practically not observed.
According to the rate of development of the inflammatory process, the disease is divided into acute and chronic; by the nature of the discharge - on purulent and catarrhal; at the place of origin - on the outer, middle and inner otitis (labyrinthitis).
In most cases, the course of the disease is characterized by the following stages:
- feeling of stuffiness in the ear, noise phenomena;
- the emergence of a sharp but tolerable pain syndrome, a slight increase in temperature;
- unbearable pain, giving to neighboring areas of face and teeth, a significant increase in temperature, hearing loss;
- gradual reduction of pain, discharge of discharge, decrease in temperature to normal, weakening of hearing;
- cessation of the inflammatory process and scarring.
In case of insufficient or incorrect treatment of the disease, the following phenomena are possible:
- transition of the disease to a chronic stage;
- the appearance of scars that significantly impair hearing;
- wave hearing loss;
- the emergence of purulent processes in neighboring regions;
- vein thrombosis;
- the occurrence of meningitis and brain abscess;
- sepsis (decay processes spread throughout the body).
How to treat otitis media
Drug treatment is used only in cases of the threat of complications, or in cases of medium and high severity. Antibacterial therapy and washing of the ear with antiseptic solutions are widely used in such cases. With significant pain, an anabolic is prescribed. For mild forms of otitis, physiotherapy (local and general warming up), antipyretic drugs and ear drops are often used.
How to treat otitis folk ways
Never forget that the treatment of any disease by traditional methods is possible only after consulting a doctor and a detailed discussion of the recipe itself. Below are a few of the most common recipes of traditional medicine.
- Improve general condition will help ordinary sunflower oil, previously boiled in a water bath. The resulting mass must be cooled to room temperature and lubricated with sick ears several times a day with a cotton swab.
- To reduce the pain with inflammation will help cotton wool soaked in the juice of geranium. The procedure must be performed several times, after which the disease often disappears completely.
- Propolis will save yourself from illness. It contains many useful substances that can not only prevent the disease itself, but also cure a person of otitis. To do this, you need to chew propolis 2 grams 3 times a day and add it to food (in powder form). It is also possible to bury for the night the alcohol tincture of propolis in the diseased ear.
How is otitis treated in medical institutions?
Treatment of the disease is complex, conservative and in most cases is outpatient. Hospitalizations are exposed only in severe cases. In case of complications and excessive accumulation of pus, a puncture of the tympanic membrane is carried out followed by pumping out the exudate.
To protect yourself from the search for an answer to the question "how to treat otitis," you need to pay due attention to prevention. First of all, it reduces to reducing the risk of getting colds and protecting the ears from the effects of cold air in the winter season. Children are categorically contraindicated to enter into any contact with sick people.
Contrary to popular belief that any disease should be treated in medical institutions, you can treat otitis at home, and without any fear of complications. Especially if we take into account the fact that in the overwhelming majority of cases the patient's hospitalization is not required. But do not forget about one of the most important points: if there is an otitis of the ears, how to treat and what procedures to use, only the corresponding specialist (otolaryngologist) can tell. The same applies to non-emergency situations that may occur at any stage of treatment.