If you drop your hands and do not have the strength to conquer another peak, remember historical personalities and contemporaries with physical disabilities, famous for the whole world. Call them disabled only language does not turn. People with disabilities who have succeeded, show us all an example of courage, fortitude, heroism and purposefulness.
Surprise and inspire numerous stories of people with disabilities. Successful individuals are often known around the world: they write books, make films. No exception is the German musician and composer, the representative of the Viennese school - Ludwig van Beethoven. Already being famous, he began to lose his hearing. In 1802 the man completely deaf. Despite the tragic circumstances, it is from this period of time that Beethoven begins to create masterpieces. After receiving disability, he wrote most of his sonatas, as well as "Heroic Symphony", "Solemn Mass", the opera "Fidelio" and the vocal cycle "To a distant lover."
Bulgarian clairvoyant Vanga - another historical personality, worthy of respect and admiration. At the age of 12, the girl got into a sandy hurricane and became blind. At the same time, the so-called third eye - the all-seeing eye - opened inside. She began to look into the future, predicting the fate of people. Vanga attracted attention to its activities during the Second World War. Then the village heard a rumor that she was able to determine whether the warrior was dead or not on the battlefield, where the missing person is and whether there is any hope of finding him.
People during the Second World War
In addition to Vanga, during the German occupation there were other people with disabilities who were successful. In Russia and beyond, everyone knows the brave pilot Alexei Petrovich Maresiev. During the battle his plane was shot down, and he himself was seriously injured. For a long time he reached his own, because of developing gangrene he lost his legs, but despite this, he managed to convince the medical commission that he was able to fly even with prostheses. The brave pilot shot down many more enemy ships, constantly took part in combat battles and returned home as a hero. After the war, he constantly traveled through the cities of the USSR and everywhere defended the rights of the disabled. His biography was the basis of "The Tale of a Real Man."
Another key figure of the Second World War - Franklin Delano Roosevelt. The thirty-second US president was also disabled. Long before that, he fell ill with polio and remained paralyzed. Treatment has not yielded positive results. But Roosevelt did not lose heart: he worked actively and achieved tremendous successes in politics and in the diplomatic field. Important names of world history are connected with his name: US participation in the anti-Hitler coalition and normalization of the relations of the American country with the Soviet Union.
The list of celebrated personalities includes other people with disabilities who have succeeded. From Russia, first of all, we know Mikhail Suvorov - writer and educator, who lived in the second half of the XX century. When he was 13 years old, he lost his sight from the explosion of the projectile. This did not prevent him from becoming the author of sixteen collections of poems, many of which received wide recognition and were put to music. Suvorov also taught at the school for the blind. Before his death, he was awarded the title of Honored Teacher of the Russian Federation.
But Valery Andreevich Fefelov worked in another field. He not only fought for the rights of disabled people, but also was an active participant in the dissident movement in the Soviet Union. Before that he worked as an electrician: he fell from a height and broke his spine, remaining for the rest of his life chained to a wheelchair. It was on this simple device that he traveled the expanses of a huge country, inviting people, if possible, to help the organization he created - the All-Union Society of Disabled People. The activities of the dissident of the Soviet authorities were considered anti-Soviet and, together with his family, he was expelled from the country. Refugees received political asylum in the German Federal Republic of Germany.
People with disabilities who have succeeded with their creative abilities, are at everyone's ears. Firstly, it's the blind musician Ray Charles, who lived 74 years and died in 2004. This person can rightfully be called a legend: he is the author of 70 studio albums recorded in the style of jazz and blues. Blinded at the age of seven because of the sudden development of glaucoma. The disease did not become an obstacle to his musical abilities. Ray Charles received 12 Grammy awards, he was noted in numerous halls of stavka. Frank Sinatra himself called Charles "show business genius", and the famous Rolling Stone magazine wrote his name on the top ten of his "List of Immortals."
Secondly, the world knows one more blind musician. This is Stevie Wonder. The creative personality had a colossal influence on the development of vocal art in the twentieth century. He became the founder of the R'n'B style and classical soul. Steve went blind right after birth. Despite his physical handicap, he ranks second among the performers in terms of the number of Grammy figurines he received. This award the musician was awarded 25 times - not only for his career successes, but also for his life achievements.
Special consideration is given to people with disabilities who have succeeded in sports. There are a lot of them, but first of all I want to mention Eric Weichenmeyer, who, being blind, was the first in the world to climb to the top of the formidable and mighty Mount Everest. The climber became blind at the age of 13, but managed to finish his studies, get a profession and a sports category. On the adventures of Eric during his famous conquest, the mountains made a feature film called "Touching the top of the world". By the way, Everest is not a single achievement for a man. He managed to climb the seven most dangerous peaks in the world, among them Elbrus and Kilimanjaro.
Another world-famous personality is Oscar Pistorius. Becoming disabled from almost the first days of his life, in the future he managed to turn the notion of modern sports. The man, not having legs below the knee, competed on an equal footing with healthy athletes, runners, and achieved tremendous success and numerous victories. Oscar is a symbol of people with disabilities and an example that disability is not a hindrance to normal life, including for sports. Pistorius is an active participant in the program for support of citizens with disabilities and the main propagandist of active sports among this category of people.
Do not forget that people with disabilities who have succeeded in their careers are not exclusively representatives of the stronger sex. There are a lot of women among them, for example, Esther Werger. Our contemporary - Dutch tennis player - is considered the greatest in this sport. At the age of 9, because of an unsuccessful operation on the spinal cord, her legs were cut off, but she sat on a stroller and managed to turn the tennis upside down. In our time, the woman - the winner of the Grand Slam and other tournaments, four-time Olympic champion, seven times she became the leader in world competitions. Since 2003, she has not suffered a single defeat, becoming the winner of 240 sets in a row.
Helen Adams Keller is another name to be proud of. The woman was blind and deaf and dumb, but, having mastered the sign functions, having mastered the correct movements of the larynx and lips, she entered a higher educational institution and graduated with honors. The American became a famous writer who, in the pages of her books, told about herself and others like her. Her story formed the basis for William Gibson's play The Miracle Worker.
Actresses and dancers
Everyone in sight has people with disabilities who have succeeded. Photos of the most beautiful women often like printing tabloids: among such talented and beautiful ladies it is worth noting Sarah Bernhardt. In 1914, the French actress amputated her leg, but she continued to appear on the stage of the theater. Last time grateful viewers saw her on the stage in 1922: at the age of 80 she played a role in the play "The Lady with the Camellias". Many outstanding figures of art called Sarah a model of perfection, courage and fortitude.
Another famous woman who conquered the audience with her thirst for life and creativity is Lina Po, a ballerina and a dancer. Her real name is Polina Gorenstein. In 1934, after the encephalitis transferred, she remained blind and partially paralyzed. Lina could no longer perform, but she did not lose courage - the woman learned how to sculpt. She was accepted into the Union of Soviet Artists, the work of women was constantly exhibited at the most famous exhibitions of the country. The main collection of her sculptures is now in the museum of the All-Russian Society of the Blind.
People with disabilities who have succeeded, lived not only in our time. Among them are many historical personalities - for example, the writer Miguel Servantes, who lived and worked in the XVII century. The author of the world-famous novel about the adventures of Don Quixote not only spent time writing essays, he also was on military service in the fleet. In 1571, taking part in the Battle of Lepanto, was seriously wounded - lost his hand. Subsequently, Cervantes liked to repeat that disability became a powerful impetus for the further development and improvement of his talent.
John Pulitzer is another person, famous for the whole world. The man went blind in 40 years, but after the tragedy began to work even more. In the modern world, he is known to us as a successful writer, journalist, publisher. He is called the ancestor of the "yellow press". After his death, John bequeathed his $ 2 million earned to Columbia University. Most of this amount went to the opening of the Higher School of Journalism. The rest of the money was awarded a prize for correspondents, which was handed over from 1917 onwards.
Among this category are also people with disabilities who have succeeded in life. What only stands the famous English physicist Stephen William Hawking - author of the theory of primary black holes. The scientist suffers from amyotrophic sclerosis, which at first deprived him of the opportunity to move, and then to speak. Despite this, Hawking is actively working: he manages a wheelchair and a special computer with the fingers of his right hand - the only moving part of his body. Now he occupies a high position, which three centuries ago belonged to Isaac Newton: he is a professor of mathematics at Cambridge University.
It is worth noting and Louis Braille - the French typhlo-pedagogue. As a small boy, he wounded his eyes with a knife, after which he lost forever the opportunity to see. To help himself and other blind people, he created a special relief-dotted font for the blind. It is used today in the world. On the basis of the same principles, the scientist came up with special notes for the blind, which enabled blind people to study music.
People with disabilities who have succeeded in our time and in past centuries can become an example for each of us. Their life, work, activity is a huge feat. Agree how difficult it is sometimes to break barriers on the way to a dream. And now imagine that they have these barriers more extensive, deep and irresistible. Despite the difficulties, they managed to pull themselves together, collect the will into a fist and begin to take action.
To list all worthy personalities in one article is simply unrealistic. People with disabilities who have achieved success make up a whole army of citizens: each of them demonstrates its courage and strength. Among them is the famous artist Chris Brown, who has only one limb, writer Anna McDonald with the diagnosis of "intellectual inferiority", as well as television presenter Jerry Jewell, poet Chris Nolan and screenwriter Chris Fonceka (all three suffer from infantile cerebral palsy) and so on. What to say about a lot of athletes without legs and hands, taking an active part in the competition. The stories of these people should become for each of us a standard, a symbol of courage and purposefulness. And when the hands drop and it seems that the whole world is against you, remember these heroes and move on to your dream.