With the advent of the bathing season calls to the doctor with problems associated with the ears, does not become less. In contrast to the winter period, when cold and viral diseases become the main reasons for visiting the ENT, the ears suffer from the ingress of water during bathing in the summer, which can lead to serious consequences: inflammation, otitis, and even abscesses.
What can I do if I put my ear in water? First of all, you should immediately consult a doctor. But sometimes situations arise when this is impossible. Then you need to help yourself on your own.
The ear is a complex system consisting of three divisions:
The external department consists of the auricle and the auditory tube. Behind the eardrum is the middle ear. If there is no damage, then water can not enter this department. The inner ear of a person is responsible for the work of the vestibular apparatus and the auditory system.
Water in the ear. How to get rid?
Help depends on which department the liquid has entered. So, when water enters the outer ear, a person has a feeling that it is poured, like in a vessel. In this case, it is necessary to tilt the head in such a way that the auditory tube assumes an upright position. Water must flow under the influence of gravity. To improve the result, you can jump several times on one leg.
Another way, based on the principle of the pump, is also very effective in the event of a problem of this nature. To do this, it is necessary to press the palm to the ear firmly, creating a vacuum layer, and to release it sharply.
Do divers and divers do not raise the question of how to remove water from the ear. They are very helpful in a very entertaining way. Collecting air into the lungs, they blow out water. In this case, the nose should be closed (it is enough to just clamp it with your hand).
Another of the simplest mechanical methods that help with the problem of how to remove water from the ear is as follows: the victim is laid on a pawned ear and asked to perform swallowing movements. The surface must be as level as possible.
If at hand was cotton wool, it can be twisted into flagella and inserted into the ear, so that the water absorbed into the soft material. Important! Do not use cotton buds, it can damage the membrane, injuries and complications.
It is also worth considering the following: water can contain dirt or pathogens. Therefore, always treat the ear with hydrogen peroxide or alcohol. This will significantly reduce the risk of infection.
Sometimes when water gets into your ear, painful sensations may occur. When pain occurs, a warm pad filled with sand should be applied to the problem site. If you do not have one at hand, you can use a piece of tissue or a handkerchief with warm salt, tied in a bundle. As an option - attach a heating pad. Thanks to such manipulations, the heated liquid will flow out much faster.
Any of these methods is effective in the event that water does not penetrate the eardrum. Usually in a healthy person it serves as a kind of barrier. But sometimes it happens that the liquid does not flow out. Then it is worth turning to LOR, which will tell you exactly how to remove water from the ear.
The fluid is delayed in people who are predisposed to the formation of plugs from sulphurous deposits or to chronic ear diseases. A person who has suffered such an ailment as otitis can have damage to the tympanic membrane in the form of cracks or holes. Because of this, water during bathing easily penetrates into the middle ear.
If the liquid has got to the middle section, then often there is a headache, nausea, less often vomiting. The only option in this situation is to consult a doctor. Before the visit, a number of measures should be taken to prevent the development of complications:
- Drip an anti-inflammatory drug or insert a tampon, soaked in a medicine. You can use boric alcohol. But there is one important condition: the preparation needs to be slightly warmed up.
- Be sure to apply a warm compress to the damaged ear.
- With pain, it is recommended to take any pain killer.
Diseases of the ears bring a lot of trouble, so it is worthwhile to carry out preventive measures before bathing, especially in open water:
- Bathe should be in a special rubber cap.
- Avoid situations where water can enter the ear, for example, dive less.
- You can lubricate the entrance to the auricle with petroleum jelly, then the question of how to remove water from the ear, will not arise.
- Use the earplugs for bathing.
These simple steps will help you avoid many problems that could spoil your vacation. Now you know how to remove water from the ear, so even diving is not terrible. Be boldly poisoned for new impressions and be healthy!