Full or partial loss of vision enables a person to register a disability in sight.
To begin with, it is worth noting that a person with a persistent health problem who is associated with some kind of defects, injuries or is a consequence of a serious illness is considered an invalid. If health problems lead to a limitation of life (for example, a patient loses the ability to self-orientate, communicate, etc.), then the patient has the right to social protection.
Unfortunately, disability according to vision is not always easy to arrange. On the other hand, some patients do not even suspect that they can receive social assistance from the state. Therefore, the following information will be very useful for both sick people and their relatives and guardians.
Disability according to vision: criteria
It is worth noting that even the complete blindness of one eye is not always the reason for receiving a group on disability. To begin with, the patient should be examined by an ophthalmologist, with the focus on the eye being given to that eye whose vision is better.
If the visual acuity of a healthier eye is between 0.1 and 0.3, a third disability group can be established. Disorders of the work of the organs of vision are considered moderate, since the person only partially loses the ability to self-service.
Disability in the eyes of the second group can be established in cases where violations in the body are more serious. Visual acuity in this case is from 0.05 to 0.1.
The first group of disability is given to patients with severe injuries and impairments in the work of the visual apparatus (including complete blindness). As a rule, such patients can not live and provide themselves.
But it is worth noting that the disability in sight, or rather the possibility of obtaining a group - is a long and individual process. After all, in such cases, not only the state of health is taken into account, but also the medical chart and history, as well as living conditions, age and some social criteria are studied.
As already mentioned, first of all you need to turn to the oculist. After a thorough examination, the doctor will tell if the patient has the right to receive a disability. If the result of the examination is positive (group design is possible), the patient must undergo a full medical examination, including the delivery of tests. If any problems are found with other organ systems, the patient may also be assigned additional tests, including x-rays and ultrasound.
After that, the treating optometrist should compile a report on the state of human health and make recommendations for the design of a disability group. In the clinic you also need to give a referral to the Bureau of Medical and Social Expertise. All documents must be signed by the head physician.
In the Bureau of Medical and Social Expertise, the patient must also undergo an examination with a local ophthalmologist. Only after this and, of course, if there is evidence, they can assign a disability group to the patient.