Almost every adult and child is familiar with the fear of a dentist's office. After all, if the tooth has ached, he himself will not pass, and without a visit to the dentist can not do. But you can not allow this state of affairs if you carry out timely prevention. An extremely important place in this is hygiene of the oral cavity (the facts indicate that it can prevent diseases of the teeth and gums). But how to properly organize hygienic measures - we'll figure it out in detail.
What leads to problems with the teeth?
Our teeth in the normal state do not have cavities and blackouts, and their surface is covered with a protective film that is imperceptible to the eye. It is on this film that microbes and bacteria accumulate, gradually multiplying. Thus, dental plaque is formed, the color of the teeth changes, they become more dim and dark. If dental plaque is not removed on time or does not do it qualitatively, a large number of accumulated microorganisms can lead to a violation of the integrity of the shell of the tooth and the development of caries.
Another option is the appearance of tartar. In this case, plaque accumulates at the base of the tooth, near the gum, and becomes very hard. It interferes with the normal blood supply to the gums, which leads to their inflammation and impaired dental stability.
Solving the problem with the teeth in their very budding will help hygiene of the oral cavity. Facts about the correctness of hygiene measures should be known to every adult and child.
Basics of oral hygiene
Observe the well-known rules of oral care is not difficult. Here are the main ones:
- Brush your teeth at least twice a day: in the morning after eating, in the evening - before bed.
- Rinse your mouth after every meal, especially after sweets.
- Change the toothbrush and toothpaste every six months.
- Do not abuse sweet and fizzy drinks.
- Do not gnaw nuts, seeds and hard caramels with your teeth.
- Visit the dentist for preventive examination at least twice a year.
This set of rules is familiar to everyone, but not everyone is in a hurry to fulfill them. And even if you fully comply with all hygiene standards, sometimes this is not enough: the brush and paste do not cope with plaque or can not handle the entire oral cavity at the proper level. In this case, professional hygiene of the oral cavity will be mandatory. What is this - we learn in more detail.
What is the advantage of professional hygiene?
Activities that help to cope with plaque and stone, conducted by a dentist or a more narrow specialist - hygienist. Such procedures provide a complete and accurate disposal of plaque, which serves as an excellent prophylaxis for problems with teeth and gums.
The dentist on a preliminary examination can assess the condition of the patient's oral cavity and determine how necessary professional hygiene of the oral cavity is. The methods and means by which the procedure will be performed, as well as its frequency, are selected by the doctor individually for each patient.
After the procedure, the teeth look clean, shiny and healthy. It is almost impossible to achieve this effect independently at home.
How does the procedure work?
Professional oral hygiene is a complex of activities that the dentist or hygienist conducts, depending on the degree of neglect of the patient's condition. Most often the procedure is painless, but if you need to remove a large number of dental calculi or they are located too close to the gums, the specialist can offer local anesthesia.
Cleansing from plaque occurs with the help of special equipment in which water along with the drug is fed under a great deal of pressure. This allows you to remove plaque in the most inaccessible places.
After removing the plaque and stone, the surface of the teeth is ground, polished and covered with a special compound that has a protective effect on tooth enamel.
Teeth can be overly sensitive after professional oral hygiene has been performed: the facts indicate that some patients complain of painful sensations when brushing their teeth or taking cold food. But this phenomenon is temporary and after a few days passes without a trace.
Prevention is better than cure!
Sometimes it is difficult to force yourself to go to the dentist even for a preventive examination. But this is unjustified fear! Regular examination allows you to identify problems with teeth and gums at the earliest stages, which will greatly simplify and cheaper treatment.
Do not forget that the best way to treat a disease is to prevent it. In the case of teeth, this is timely and proper oral hygiene. The facts that lead dentists, suggest that people who monitor the condition of the mouth regularly, three times less apply for dental treatment. And this is an excellent reason to pay attention to permanent hygiene procedures!
Watch your teeth and gums, do not be afraid to visit dentists - extra consultation, cleaning or preventive examination can help avoid painful treatment or even save a tooth!
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