How to ensure the implementation of sanitary needs for people with disabilities? A chair with a special seat greatly contributes to the relief of the lives of people with disabilities.
It is rational to apply the toilet for the disabled in those cases if the patient does not have the opportunity to sit on the toilet himself. It is irreplaceable means in the absence of a guardian or a nurse, weakening of the user's hands, in cases where a person is completely confined to a bed or a wheelchair.
Requirements for toilets for disabled people
Depending on the condition of a person with disabilities, the following devices can be selected to meet sanitary needs:
- Folding products with folding handrails - the availability of such functionality makes it easier to move a disabled person from an armchair or a bed to a special seat.
- Designs with telescopic legs - open the possibility for changing the height, position of the chair. This feature also affects the usability of the device.
- Chairs on wheels - the feature presented allows you to get rid of unnecessary inconveniences when you need to move the structure to the toilet. Such a wheelchair for a disabled person with a toilet makes it possible to transport the patient, has locking devices for fixing the wheels.
The weight of a person with disabilities is a primary factor, on which one should concentrate attention, choosing a toilet for disabled people. Depending on the specified criterion, specialized devices for this purpose are divided into the following categories:
- Traditional toilet chairs for disabled people - on average, can withstand loads of up to 120 kg.
- Appliances with a high-strength, reinforced frame - fit the full people. Designed for users weighing up to 180 kg or more.
If the person's weight is as close as possible to the limit of the permissible load on which the toilet seat for the handicapped is designed, then it is better to give preference to a more expensive but at the same time reliable device with a reinforced frame. Otherwise, the probability of deformation of the structure during operation increases and, as a result, the risk of injury to the user.
Picking up a toilet for disabled people, it is worth paying attention to the possibility of changing the position of the seat in height. Only in this case, daily operation of the device will not cause the user discomfort.
It is worth noting that with the optimally adjusted height of the leg of the person sitting on the stand, should be bent at the right angle of the knees, the hips - parallel to the floor, and the feet - completely to stand on the surface. The implementation of hygienic procedures in this position helps maintain the stability of the structure.
If the seat is too inflated for the user, his hips will be above the knees and the feet can not reach the floor. In cases where the support for the body is set too low, the knees will be placed above the hips. When choosing both positions for a person with disabilities, it will be difficult to maintain the right balance between parts of the body in space.
Buying a toilet for disabled people, it's enough just to determine the optimal seat height. First, measure the distance from the hips to the user's foot in the sitting position. The calculated value should correspond to the distance from the upper level of the seat to the floor.
The provision of the toilet armchair greatly facilitates the user's procedure of moving to the seat and returning to bed. Considering the need for such functionality, it is necessary to take into account the physical condition of the person with disabilities. If the disabled person is in a paralyzed state, and his or her care is fully placed on the nurse, in that case it is absolutely not necessary to purchase a chair with armrests.
Size and shape of the seat
The bulk of the seats, which are provided for in the construction of toilet seats for disabled people, have a solid rim of round shape. This option simultaneously plays the role of support for the body and the toilet slot. However, such solutions cause a lot of criticism among male users. Therefore, in the latter case, a more convenient option is a slot in the form of a horseshoe.
When choosing a toilet chair, it is important to make sure that the seat size is optimal for the future user. If a person with disabilities is experiencing weight loss or low muscle tone in the legs, it is likely that the body slides inside the opening. When the slot is too small, hygienic problems may occur during the operation of the structure, which will cause a person constant stress and embarrassment, up to and including the use of the device.
Tips for choosing
Before you buy the adaptation of a plan, it is necessary to determine the peculiarities of its subsequent operation:
- The optimal option for an elderly person with disabilities is a bedside toilet for the disabled.
- If the future user is able to control the upper body, the best solution can be a design with folding armrests.
- For a person who is able to independently get to the restroom, it is recommended to purchase a device in the form of a support frame with a seat that pushes onto the toilet.
- Toilet for disabled children can look like an ordinary chair with built-in sanitary equipment.
How much will the toilet cost for disabled people? The price for conventional frames with a seat that is coming on the toilet, starts in the market from about 3,000 rubles. The cost of adjustable structures made of reliable alloys, with additional equipment in the form of various armrests, head restraints, wheels, etc., reaches about 6 500 rubles or more.
How to prepare a toilet chair for operation?
When preparing the device for use, it must be installed on a firm, level surface. Next, adjust the seat according to the height that is comfortable for the user, with the option to install armrests and a headrest on it.
Before moving a person with disabilities to the seat, it is worth locking the wheels or fixing the legs. It is recommended to pour a small amount of water into a removable emptying tank, which will facilitate its subsequent cleaning.
Transplanting a patient to a chair, you need to make sure that his body is in an anatomically adjusted, comfortable and stable position. At the end of the hygiene procedures, the contents of the vessel should be poured into the toilet, after which the elements of the toilet chair construction should be thoroughly cleaned using a detergent with antibacterial effect.
When choosing a wheelchair, priority attention should be focused on the level of comfort of the device for the user and the convenience of transporting the structure during operation. As practice shows, the use of the device is greatly facilitated by the folding frame. In turn, comfort for the user is influenced by the presence of armrests, an ergonomic seat with a soft covering, suitable in size and shape according to the dimensions of the human body.
Preliminary it is worth puzzling the issue of cleaning the means for performing hygiene procedures. If the task is assigned directly to the disabled person, it is recommended to consider buying a chair with an integrated toilet. Such a solution will avoid the need for regular devastation of the vessel.