How to ensure the implementation of sanitary needs for persons with disabilities? A chair with a special seat contributes greatly to alleviating the lives of people with disabilities.
It is rational to apply the toilet for disabled people in cases where the patient does not have the opportunity to sit on the toilet himself. It is irreplaceable means in the absence of a guardian or a nurse, weakening of the user's hands, in cases where a person is completely confined to a bed or a wheelchair.
Disabled toilets requirements
Depending on the condition of a person with disabilities, the following devices can be selected to meet sanitary needs:
- Folding products with folding handrails - the availability of such functionality makes it easier to move a disabled person from an armchair or a bed to a special seat.
- Designs with telescopic legs - open the opportunity to change the height, position of the chair. This feature also affects the usability of the device.
- Chairs on wheels - the feature presented allows you to get rid of unnecessary inconveniences when you need to move the structure to the toilet. Such a wheelchair for a disabled person with a toilet makes it possible to transport the patient, has locking devices for fixing the wheels.
The weight of a person with disabilities is a primary factor, on which one should concentrate attention, choosing a toilet for disabled people. Depending on the specified criterion, specialized devices for this purpose are divided into the following categories:
- Traditional toilet chairs for disabled people - on average, can withstand loads of up to 120 kg.
- Adaptations with high strength, reinforced frame - suitable for full people. Designed for user weight up to 180 kg or more.
If the person's weight is as close as possible to the limit of the permissible load on which the toilet seat for the handicapped is designed, in this case it is better to give preference to a more expensive but at the same time reliable device with a reinforced frame. Otherwise, the probability of deformation of the structure during operation increases and, as a result, the risk of injury to the user.
Picking up a toilet for disabled people, it is worth paying attention to the possibility of changing the position of the seat in height. Only in this case, daily operation of the device will not cause the user discomfort.
It is worth noting that with the height adjustment of the leg of the person sitting on the stand, they should be bent at right angles at the knees, the hips should be parallel to the floor, and the feet should stand completely on the surface. The implementation of hygienic procedures in this position helps maintain the stability of the structure.
If the seat is too inflated for the user, his hips will be above the knees and the feet can not reach the floor. In cases where the support for the body is set too low, the knees will be located above the hips. When choosing both positions for a person with disabilities, it will be difficult to maintain the right balance between parts of the body in space.
Buying a toilet for disabled people, it's enough just to determine the optimal seat height. First, measure the distance from the hips to the user's foot in the sitting position. The calculated value should correspond to the distance from the upper level of the seat to the floor.
The complete set of armchair-toilet armrests greatly facilitates the user the procedure of moving to the seat and returning back to bed. Considering the need for such functionality, it is necessary to take into account the physical condition of a person with disabilities. If the disabled person is in a paralyzed state, and his or her care is fully placed on the nurse, in that case it is absolutely not necessary to purchase a chair with armrests.
Size and shape of the seat
The bulk of the seats, which are provided in the construction of toilet seats for disabled people, have a solid rim of round shape. This option simultaneously plays the role of a support for the body and the toilet slot. However, such solutions cause a lot of criticism among male users. Therefore, in the latter case, a more convenient option is a slot in the form of a horseshoe.
When choosing a toilet chair, it is important to make sure that the seat size is optimal for the future user. If a person with disabilities has a weight loss or low muscle tone in the legs, it is likely that the body slides inside the opening. When the slot is too small, hygienic problems may occur during the operation of the structure, which will cause a person constant stress and embarrassment, up to and including the use of the device.
Tips for choosing
Before you buy a device of a plan, you should determine the features of its subsequent operation:
- The best option for an elderly person with disabilities is a bedside toilet for people with disabilities.
- If the future user is able to control the upper body, the best solution can be a design with folding armrests.
- For a person who is able to independently get to the lavatory, it is recommended to purchase a device in the form of a support frame with a seat that slides over the toilet.
- Toilet for disabled children can look like an ordinary chair with built-in sanitary equipment.
How much will the toilet cost for disabled people? The price for conventional frames with a seat that is approaching the toilet, starts in the market from about 3,000 rubles. The cost of adjustable structures made of reliable alloys, with additional equipment in the form of various armrests, head restraints, wheels, etc., reaches about 6 500 rubles or more.
How to prepare a toilet chair for use?
When preparing the device for use, it must be installed on a firm, level surface. Next, adjust the seat according to the height that is comfortable for the user, with the option to mount the armrests and the headrest on it.
Before you move a person with disabilities to the seat, it is worth locking the wheels or fixing the legs. It is recommended to pour a small amount of water into a removable emptying tank, which will facilitate its subsequent cleaning.
Transplanting a patient to a chair, you need to make sure that his body is in an anatomically adjusted, comfortable and stable position. At the end of the hygienic procedures, the contents of the vessel should be poured into the toilet bowl, after which the elements of the toilet chair construction should be thoroughly cleaned using a detergent with antibacterial effect.
When choosing a wheelchair, priority should be given to the level of comfort of the device for the user and the convenience of transporting the structure during operation. As practice shows, the use of the device is greatly facilitated by the folding frame. In turn, comfort for the user is influenced by the presence of armrests, an ergonomic seat with a soft covering, suitable in size and shape according to the dimensions of the human body.
Preliminary it is worth puzzling the issue of cleaning the means for performing hygiene procedures. If the task is assigned directly to the disabled person, it is recommended to consider buying a chair with an integrated toilet. Such a solution will avoid the need for regular devastation of the vessel.