This strange disease turns the life of the whole family upside down. Parents who did not know and did not understand that with their child, they hear the conclusion of psychologists and psychiatrists that their child is autistic. Who is this, how to understand thisillness and how to learn to live with it? Previously, when such disorders on a person stamped mentally abnormal. Now, more and more is being done in order to raise awareness and help in teaching the whole family and the child himself.
It seems to many people that this disorder affects only children. However, small people grow up, become adults. And in adulthood, such a person faces a huge number of problems and obstacles. So, autistic. who is it? Freak? A man with a difficult character? Mentally ill? The disorder affects the perception and understanding of stimuli (stimuli) coming from the outside world. A person is unable to adequately communicate, often does not speak, does not respond to the words and emotions of loved ones. However, they often have an increased sensitivity to various external factors, such as light, odor or noise. Not always, however, a person with whom it is difficult or impossible to communicate can be said to be autistic. Who is it for loved ones and others? It is difficult for him to express feelings and build relationships with other people. It is for this reason that adults suffering from autism often have no family. Such people can not maintain visual contact with the interlocutor. As a result, their erroneousperceived as rude or tactless. Usually, the interlocutors consider the absence of reaction to be neglected or openly ignored, and it does not occur to them that an autist is in front of them. Who can bear this? How to improve the education of society and family, how to allow such people to lead a full-fledged lifestyle?
Another problem is a variety of speech disorders. And it's not just that such people have difficulty articulating sounds, pronouncing or naming objects.
People with autism cannot establish a dialogue with other people. The conversation is mainly based on the monologue of the patient who cannot read.
non-verbal signs, irony, jokes, ridicule.
The program for autists is aimed at rehabilitating not only their behavior and communication skills, but also to work with the family. Unfortunately, as inFor Russia, and in other countries, institutions that can provide qualified assistance are not enough. This means that classes with autistic children are not available to every family in need. Therefore, the main burden must be borne by parents. Adults with this disorder, which was not previously detected and not diagnosed, are perceived by society as “nerds”, eccentrics, cranks. In many countries, associations are created for families with the problem of autism, who organize special events aimed at raising awareness. However, there are still not enough professional psychologists and social workers who could provide qualified assistance. Behavioral therapy for an autistic child is undoubtedly the most effective method at the moment, but many parents have not even heard of this possibility. School teachers and caregivers also face difficulties in dealing with such children. That is why it is necessary both appropriate training and advanced training of teachers. Any measures should also be aimed at preventing social exclusion of autists.