This strange disease turns the life of the whole family upside down. Parents who did not know and did not understand that with their child, hear the conclusion of psychologists and psychiatrists that their child is an autistic. Who is it, how to understand thisillness and how to learn to live with it? Previously, with such disorders, a man was branded mentally abnormal. Now more and more is being done to raise awareness and help in educating the whole family and the child.
Many people think that this disorder affects only children. However, small people grow up, become adults. And in adulthood, such a person is faced with a huge number of problems and obstacles. So, the autist. who is it? An eccentric? A man with a difficult character? Mentally ill? The disorder affects the sphere of perception and understanding of stimuli (stimuli) coming from the outside world. A person turns out to be unable to communicate adequately, often does not speak, does not react to words and emotions of relatives. However, they often have increased sensitivity to various external factors, such as light, odor or noise. Not always, however, about a man with whom it is difficult or impossible to communicate, we can say that he is an autistic. Who is it for loved ones and others? It is difficult for him to express feelings and build relationships with other people. It is for this reason that adults who suffer from autism most often do not have a family. Such people can not maintain visual contact with the interlocutor. As a result, they were mistakenlyperceive as ill-mannered or tactless. Usually the interlocutors consider the lack of reaction to neglect or open disregard, and it does not occur to them that the autist is in front of them. Who can handle this? How to improve the education of society and the family, how to allow such people to lead a full-fledged way of life?
Another problem is a variety of speech disorders. And it's not just that such people have difficulties with articulation of sounds, pronunciation or naming objects.
People with autism can not establish a dialogue with other people. The conversation is mainly based on the monologue of the patient who can not read
non-verbal signs, irony, jokes, ridicule.
The program for autists aims to rehabilitate not only their behavior and communication skills, but also to work with the family. Unfortunately, as inRussia, and in other countries of the institutions that can provide qualified assistance is still not enough. And this means that classes with autistic children are not available to every family that needs them. Therefore, the main burden is borne by the parents. Adults with this disorder, which had not previously been identified and not diagnosed, are perceived by society as "botanists", eccentrics, eccentrics. In many countries, associations of families with autism are being established, which organize special events aimed at raising awareness. However, there still are not enough professional psychologists and social workers who could provide qualified assistance. Behavioral therapy for an autistic child is without doubt the most effective method at the moment, but many parents have not even heard of this possibility. School teachers, educators also face difficulties in dealing with such children. That is why it is necessary both to provide appropriate training and to improve the qualifications of pedagogical workers. Any measures should also be aimed at preventing social isolation of autistics.