The increase in the number of allergic reactions in people is growing every year. The reason for this - genetic heredity, environmental pollution, the use of non-natural products, the use of chemical products in everyday life and much more.
Doctors fight for the health of patients, resorting to 3 types of problem solving:
- Elimination of the provoker of allergy. The patient tries to avoid contact with the allergen. For example, if there is a site for dust, you should clean it daily in the apartment, wipe the dust with wet wipes.
- Allergen-specific immunotherapy, or ASIT-therapy. What is it, you will learn from our article.
- Pharmacology. The use of drugs that reduce symptoms.
ASIT-therapy. What it is?
Allergy is a word familiar to many. The reason - individual features of the reactions of our immunity. Thanks to the protection of immunity, the body is able to fight against viruses and bacteria itself, but with allergies enemies can become even ordinary things at first glance: dust, wool, food. Histamine, which is produced with allergies, causes swelling and spasms.
Many have heard about this method of treatment, as ASIT-therapy. What it is?
The method has been used in medicine for more than 100 years. During this time, the positive results obtained firmly fixed this technique. ASIT works on the treatment of allergies, to identify the cause, not just the consequences. With this therapy, people are injected with allergens, gradually increasing the dose. The body gradually produces antibodies to substances that previously provoked an allergic reaction. Real and complete completion of allergies - that's what ASIT-therapy is aimed at. The scheme of the method is quite simple.
The system includes 2 systematized stages.
Stage of introduction of allergens. The initiating phase includes the intake of doses, the concentration of which gradually increases to the limit.
The second phase lasts a long time. For several years the patient systematically receives the maximum dose of the allergen, but with long interruptions. Usually the treatment period is 3-5 years.
Therapy is divided into 3 types
Year-round. This scheme is used for chronic manifestations, for example, with allergy to wool or dust.
Preseason. Characterized by seasonal allergic reactions, for example, the flowering of certain plants.
The allergist-immunologist doctor chooses the correct choice of the therapy regimen.
Symptoms of allergies
- Sleep disturbance.
- Chronic fatigue.
- Low working capacity.
- Various health problems.
What and how to use?
Preparations for ASIT therapy are based on water-salt extracts, as well as various forms of therapeutic allergens. In Russia, standardization occurs on the basis of the number of units of protein nitrogen in the preparation.
Methods of reception
The vaccine can be administered in several ways.
Introduction intradermal (nyxes).
Drops under the tongue or sublingual way.
Allergists-immunologists tend to the fact that the most effective methods are injections and drops under the tongue.
The sublingual method is considered to be the most convenient for all and has many advantages over injections.
- Injections should be carried out in a specially equipped sterilized room, under the supervision of a physician. Not everyone has time to visit the hospital on a regular basis. Drops under the tongue are a very convenient way of treating at home.
- The sublingual method has a minimum of possible adverse reactions compared to others.
- A great way for children who are afraid of injections.
ASIT communication with other branches of medicine
If you analyze the technique, it becomes clear its partial borrowing from homeopathy and vaccination. Homeopathy offers to treat what is called, a wedge wedge, an allergy - its allergens. Small doses of allergens, which in high doses cause allergies, can improve immunity and create antibodies. From vaccination, ASIT has acquired the correct preparation for the introduction of foreign organisms, as well as the right concentration.
Plus the technique is sufficient.
Reduction and disappearance of symptoms of the disease.
It protects the patient from complications and the transition of the allergy to a more severe level.
Reduces the need for other antiallergic drugs that reduce symptoms.
Long-term remission, which often goes to life.
The quality of a person's life improves due to the complete disappearance of symptoms.
Not all methods are ideal, including ASIT-therapy. Side effects include the possible appearance of itching and redness at the site of the injection. It passes by itself or by applying ice. Sometimes there is an allergic reaction to the composition of the drug itself: a runny nose, reddening of the mucous membranes, urticaria, or edema. To avoid this, you need to carefully select a doctor. An allergist-immunologist monitors the consequences of administering the vaccine within 30 minutes to prevent possible negative consequences.