An allergic rhinitis (rhinitis) is a very common disease that affects adults and young children. This disease is an inflammation of the nasal mucosa, which is based on an allergic reaction. Treat allergic rhinitis should be under the supervision of an allergist or immunologist. Experimenting yourself with the use of various medications is not worth it, because any drug medication can have such a reaction as an allergy. From the drops in the nose, the development of side effects can also happen that in rhinitis significantly complicates the patient's condition.
Symptoms of allergic rhinitis
In addition to puffiness of the face, red eyes and lachrymation in patients with allergic rhinitis, the following symptoms are noted:
- Paroxysmal sneezing.
- Nasal discharge is of a clear, watery nature.
- Itching in the nose.
- Difficulty breathing through the nose (with neglected forms).
Causes of an allergic rhinitis
At the heart of the development of allergic rhinitis is immediate type hypersensitivity. Rhinitis may occur due to exposure to the mucosa of the following allergens:
- Library or house dust.
- Allergens insects and pets.
- Allergens of yeast and mold fungi.
- Pollen of plants.
- Allergenic foods.
The genetic predisposition is also a risk factor for allergic rhinitis.
Can an allergy to nasal drops develop?
The intake of any medication may be accompanied by side effects, among which a drug rash should be noted. The cause of this symptom is allergy. From the drops in the nose, side reactions in the form of skin rash occur more often in young children or in adolescents, due to a decrease in the protection of the immune system or individual intolerance of substances included in the formulation.
Many parents with the appearance of a characteristic small rash on the face of the baby ask the question: "Can there be an allergy in the child from drops to the nose?" Most experts do not exclude such a reaction, even for drugs designed to treat the common cold. That is why it is not necessary to use medications from such ailment as an allergy without an agreement with a specialist. And antiallergic drops, and even the most harmless at first glance, drugs can cause side reactions to the components that make up their composition.
Symptoms of an allergic reaction to drops in the nose
Allergy to drops in the nose is accompanied by characteristic symptoms, which are nothing more than the reaction of the body to a certain substance that is part of the drug.
Among the more pronounced manifestations, the following symptoms can be noted:
- Light reddening of the skin.
- The appearance of nodules.
- Peeling of the entire skin.
The rash may appear immediately after the use of the drug, as well as after several hours or days. The manifestation of an allergic reaction to the drug disappears almost immediately after discontinuation of its use. When complicating symptoms (severe itching and dryness), you should consult an allergist who can prescribe a corticosteroid ointment to remove allergic rash.
How to choose the right nasal drops against allergies
In the event of a runny nose, many people do not rush to go to the doctor's office, buying the first drug at the pharmacy, the action of which is aimed at eliminating a similar problem. But not everyone knows that an allergy from drops to the nose, which are intended for the treatment of rhinitis, which is allergic, may develop. It is especially dangerous to use medicines without first consulting a doctor to treat children.
Adverse reactions from nasal drops may appear due to individual intolerance of the constituent components of the drug. Before the appointment of a specific drug, doctors conduct the necessary diagnostics and select for each patient individually a medicament against allergies, which maximally eliminates the causes and symptoms of the existing disease and is completely safe for the patient's health.
Safe treatment of allergic rhinitis
The most common cause of the onset of a cold is allergy. From
drops in the nose quickly decreases the unpleasant symptomatology of rhinitis. This form of the drug is safe using (no load on the liver) due to local effects.
For children, it is also much more convenient to use nasal drops against allergies than tablets. Medications in the form of sprays instantly eliminate the symptoms of the common cold, which is favored by an excellent blood supply to the nasal mucosa.
Classification of nasal drops from the common cold
There are many drugs designed to treat allergic rhinitis. Self-medication with this disease is unacceptable, because a person who does not know a certain person can not make the right choice of nasal preparation. Uncontrolled use of medication is fraught with the development of allergic reactions with increased sensitivity of the body to its constituent components. Drops in the nose from the allergic rhinitis are different in composition and spectrum of action.
Classification of nasal antiallergic drugs according to the spectrum of effects on the body:
- Vasoconstrictive drops ("Xylin", "Naftizin") - the cheapest and least pleasant for the mucous membrane of the nose variant. Are intended exclusively for the elimination of symptoms.
- Immunomodulating drugs ("Derinat") - are aimed at strengthening the body's immunity against allergic irritants. The action of these drops does not begin immediately, so they are recommended to be used in a complex manner.
- Antihistamine drops ("Kromogeksal", "Zirtek", "Allergodil") - include in their composition substances that suppress the allergic process.
- Hormonal drugs ("Avamis", "Fluticazole") are drops intended for the treatment of serious forms of allergic rhinitis, because they have a lot of side effects on the body.
- Combined drugs ("Vibrocil") - contain several active components in their composition, which makes it possible to influence the disease simultaneously from different sides.
Novelty in the field of pharmacology
Today, to overcome the causes and symptoms of the common cold, drops, a spray in the nose from allergies, which have barrier effectiveness, will help. This remedy is indispensable in the prevention of rhinitis due to its unique effects. The substances included in the preparation form a protective film on the mucosa in the nasal passages, which prevents penetration of pathogens.
The use of nasal barrier drops helps prevent the appearance of swelling, and therefore, significantly reduce the symptoms of the common cold. Among the most well-known preparations of this spectrum of influence, one can distinguish the drug "Prevalin". Its action lasts no more than 4 hours, therefore it is recommended to strictly follow the repeated use when treating this medication. If the runny nose has already begun, then in the formation of a protective film there is no sense.