All mothers are worried about their babies, because the crumbs are so vulnerable and vulnerable to dozens of diseases. And then when the baby begins to sneeze and scratch the nose more often than usual, the mother begins to worry. And not for nothing, because, perhaps, these are the symptoms of allergic rhinitis. Allergic rhinitis in children occurs quite often. Up to 20% of schoolchildren in Russia suffer from this disease.
It is necessary to understand what allergic rhinitis is, to send the child to the right doctor and know what to do. Although the disease is associated with the disease of the nose, it is caused by allergic factors, like any other allergy, so it is worthwhile to show your child to the allergist. It will help to find out what exactly allergic rhinitis a child, because they are seasonal and year-round. It is also very important not to run the disease, writing off the symptoms for a common runny nose. A timely visit to a specialist will prevent complications for all ENT organs.
Types of allergic rhinitis
If several years in a row at the same time your child is suffering from nasal congestion, runny nose, frequent sneezing, and sometimes even conjunctivitis, then most likely your offspring has a seasonal variety of the disease. Allergic rhinitis in the child in this case is caused by seasonal allergens such as pollen. If the symptoms do not go away all year, then the baby is faced with year-round rhinitis. In this case, the pathogens of the disease were insects, rodents, house dust, less often food. Allergic rhinitis in a child in the year-round form can worsen under the influence of weather conditions and weakening of immunity during viral and infectious diseases.
Of course, in order to make an accurate diagnosis, a specialist should examine the child, carry out the necessary tests and allergic tests. Usually, the doctor begins therapy with the elimination of allergens and the isolation of the child from them. So, you will have to take care of the destruction of cockroaches and rodents in the house, reducing the amount of dust and tobacco smoke with which the child is in contact passively. These measures are called elimination.
Since this disease affects the mucous membrane of the nose, the drugs used in the treatment are aimed at normalizing its condition, as well as preventing its thickening. To cure allergic rhinitis in a child, usually prescribed antihistamines. Note that to date there are a second and third generation of these drugs, and it is worth giving preference to them, because they are more effective and less harmful in terms of side effects.
Babies prescribe drugs "Zirtek", "Claritin", and older children "Telfast", "Kestin" and others. Not only for treatment, but also for the prevention of seasonal exacerbations, often prescribed cromolyn sodium. If this treatment does not help, then the next step is nasal corticosteroid drugs. To ease the symptoms use decongestants, but here you need to be extra careful, because if you overdo it with this drug, a child can get a medicamentous rhinitis. If allergens are accurately established, the doctor can prescribe a specific immunotherapy aimed at reducing sensitivity to allergic irritants.